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mbak saya mw tanya tentang report teks. mulai dari pengertian, fungs, dan pookx tentang i2. . . . . cepetan makasih


Jenis Teks: Report (Laporan hasil pengamatan) 

1.  Ciri Umum:

(a) Tujuan Komunikatif Teks:

Menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan sistematis atau analisis. Yang dideskripsikan dapat meliputi gajala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial. Deskripsi sebuah teks report dapat berupa simpulan umum, misalnya, ikan paus termasuk binatang mamalia karena ikan tersebut melahirkan anaknya. Untuk membuat laporan semacam ini, siswa perlu mengamati dan membandingkan ikan paus dengan binatang lainnya yang memiliki ciri-ciri yang sama.

Siswa dapat mencoba membuat teks laporan tentang, misalnya, rumah sangat sederhana, warung tegal, sekolah, rumah sakit dsb. dengan mendekripsikan ciri-ciri subyek tersebut sehingga disebut rumah sederhana, dsb.

(b)  Struktur Teks:

·         Pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasinya.(General Clasification)

·         Deskripsi (Description:tells what the phenomenon under discussion ; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors)

(c)  Ciri Kebahasaan:

Menggunakan:

         general nouns, seperti ‘Reptiles in Comodo Insland’, dsb.

         relating verbs untuk menjelaskan ciri, misalnya reptiles are scaly animals (ciri ini berlaku untuk semua reptilia), dsb.

        action verbs dalam mejelaskan perilaku, misalnya lizards cannot fly, dsb.

         present tense untuk menyatakan suatu yang umum, misalnya Komodo dragons usually weight more than 160 kg, dsb.

       istilah teknis, misalnya water contains oxygen and hydrogen, dsb.

         paragraf dengan topik sentence untuk menyusun sejumlah informasi.

2.  Contoh dan Struktur Teks:

 

THE PELICAN REPORT

 

Pernyataan tentang subjek laporan

 

The white pelican is one of the most successful fish-eating birds.

 

Deskripsi

The success is largely due to its command hunting behaviour. A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in a curved arc some distance offshore. The birds then begin to move forward towards the shore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.

 When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation breaks up as each bird dips its bill into the water to scoop up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed.

 Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds, Fossils of this genus have been found dating back 40 million years.

 

Library

A library is a place which collects records of what people have thought and done.(Ini adalah General Classification).

It preserves those records, and it ,makes them available to us, so that we can learn about many things. In the world of library, we can entertain ourselves, teach ourselves, and be inspired by the ideas that we might never have dreamed ot otherwise.(Ini adalah 'Description')
            A library has many sections. Commonly, a library has a reading room, a catalogue section, a newspaper and magazine section, books section, and a librarian desk which deals with book circulation. The books are classified based on the subjects, such as fiction, science, psychology, etc. They are arranged on the bookshelves.(Ini adalah 'Description').
 

 


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10
08-11-2008 tha tan
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

mbak/mas tolong contohin text report tentang jerapah donk.. sekarang ya,,^^

GiraffeGiraffes are the tallest animals of all. They have long legs and long necks. There are 7 bones in their necks, the same as in ours. Males can grow to nearly five and a half metres tall, and females to nearly five metres tall. There are about 9 different sub - species, or breeds, of giraffe. There are only small differences between them. When giraffes of two differnet sub-species breed, the young are called hybrids (mixed breeds). Of the nine sub-species of giraffe, only one, the Rothchild's, is endangered. Giraffes have horns called ossicones. These are fur-covered bumps on their skulls, unlike the horns of other animals.Giraffe skin is blotched in patterns of browns and yellows. No two have the same pattern. The different sub-species have different coat patterns.Habitat
Giraffes are found in parts of Africa.They live on the savannah, which is the African grassland, or in light woodland. They do not live in thick forests where it is difficult to see predators such as lions approaching.
  Giraffes live in groups called herds, although the members of a herd come and go. They don't stay together all the time. Feeding
Giraffes are browsers, or leaf eaters. Their long necks are so they can reach high into trees to eat the leaves.
They have 45-50 cm long blue-black tongues that wrap around leaves and pick them from the branch. The long tongue helps them get leaves just out of reach.The dark colour of the tongue means it does not get sunburnt when it is out of the mouth.Leaves give giraffes most of the moisture they need so that they do not often have to drink water.Water holes are places where predators wait, and it is awkward for a giraffe to lower its head to drink. It has to spread its front legs wide to be able to get its head down. When its head is low, it is easier for predators to attack. Therefore, a giraffe only drinks about once a day, up to 40 litres each time.Movement
Giraffes' long legs mean they take big steps when they walk or run. One step can be about
5 metres long. They can run very fast, reaching speeds of about nearly 60 km per hour. Because of their long legs and short bodies, giraffes move differently from other four legged animals. They move the two legs on one side of the body forward, then the two legs on the other side. This keeps them from tripping over.
 Because of their long necks, giraffes have big hearts to pump blood all the way up to the brain. A giraffe heart is the biggest of any animal's. There are special valves in the neck arteries so that when the giraffe bends its neck down, the blood doesn't rush to its head. When the head is raised again, the blood doesn't rush back down to the heart. Such rapid changes in blood pressure would make a giraffe faint. Reproduction
Female giraffes give birth to a calf about 15 months after mating with a male. The mother gives birth standing up, so the calf drops to the ground. The calf is about 2 metres tall, and during its first week it grows about a centimetre a day. About an hour after birth, the calf can walk. It suckles milk from its mother, but starts nibbling at other food within days.
 Self defence
Although giraffes are peaceful animals, they will defend themselves from lions, leopards and hyenas which attack the young, and sometimes adult giraffes. Giraffes give powerful kicks with all four legs, and a well placed kick can kill a lion. Sometimes male giraffes fight each other to decide which is stronger. They lean their hindquarters against each other for support and swing their necks, using their horns like hammers to hit each other.
 People think giraffes are unable to make sounds, but they can. It's just that they do not often do it. They can make a moo, bleat or grunt. When alarmed, they snort.Giraffes rarely sleep. In fact, they only go into a deep sleep for about 20 minutes each 24 hours, resting their heads on their hindquarters. The rest of the time, they doze now and then.Threats to giraffe
Adult giraffes have few enemies, but young calves can be killed by leopards and hyenas. The most serious danger comes from humans who hunt giraffe for their skins. It is against the law to hunt giraffe but some people still do it.
 

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
07-11-2008 maria
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

saya erlu dialog yang menggunakan expression certainty, uncertainty dan responnya. makasih buanyak ya

 Tio          :  Are you sure about this                direction?Bram     :  Sorry, I’m not really sure                about it. Tio       :  Don’t be foolish. We have been                 walking so far, you know.Bram     :  I can’t remember any sign.                I think this is the right path. I’m                sorry.Tio       :  Well, we have to continue our                 walk. Don’t worry. It’s all going                to be okay.

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
07-11-2008
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

Tolong donk kasih contoh invitation untuk pernikahan!

Dear Mr/Mrs. .... 

 

Request honour of your presence at our wedding

 Vison Sudarsono

and

Bremaniwati

 Wedding Reception

Sunday, November 23rd 2008

at 12.00 pm - 16.00 pm

Novotel Hotel Bandung

Cordially yours,

Mr. Thomson & Mrs. Steffanny.

Mr and Mrs. Sudarsono

Vison & Vati 

 

 


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10
07-11-2008 Rara
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

tolong bantu saya buat pidato b.inggris dg tema pendidikan dan narkoba. cpt cz penting bzk dkumpulin tgs ni

Er_er, silakan mencoba untuk menulis teks pidato sendiri. Kami dengan senang hati akan membantu untuk mengoreksi dan menyempurnakan teks anda. Selamat mencoba. Tq

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
06-11-2008 er_er
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

toloong dong kasih tau,bagaimana contoh dari kalimat descriptive.??

Apakah maksud anda descriptive text? Jika iya, maka berikut ini contohnya:

 

My Bombi

by Dea

 
Bombi is my playful black cat.

 This cat is always playful. It likes playing with anything. It sometimes plays with me. It likes playing with a ball very much. It is very clever. Sometimes it is very naughty.

 My Bombi is small but fat. It has soft fur. The fur is black. Bombi has a long tail. Its eyes are round. It looks cute. It is always near me.

 

 


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 11
05-11-2008 tania
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

tolong cariin procedure text tentang makanan atau minuman tanpa dimasak dan langsung bisa dimakan atau diminum! Terima Kasih

How to make Lemonade

 

Ingredients:

For each glass use:

 - 2 tablespoons of lemon juice.

- 2 tablespoons of sugar.

- 1 glass of water.

 

Methods:

1. Slice a lemon in half and squeeze the juice into a cup.

2. Take out the seeds.

3. Pour two tablespoons of juice into glass.

4. Add sugar.

5. Add water and stir well.

6. Taste the lemonade. You may want to add more sugar or more lemon to make it

     taste just right.

7. Put it in ice cubes. A drop of red food coloring will make pink lemonade.

 


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10
05-11-2008 Taoefiq
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

minta contoh explanation text donk???

Explanation The aim of an explanation is to explain the process involved in the formation or workings of natural or socio cultural phenomena. The generic structure is a general statement to position the reader, a sequenced explanation of why or how something occurs.   Example: Carnivorous plantsThese students wrote their explanations after watching a video about carnivorous  (fresh-eating) plants. These plants live in places that have very few nutrients in the soil. To survive in this hostile environment, they capture and eat live prey. Most eat insects, but some can swallow rats and small birds. Venus FlytrapThe Venus Flytrap is an extraordinary plant. It is a carnivorous (flesh eating) plant which can digest flies and other insects. When the ‘trap’ is open, it looks like a large seashell with sharp, spiky ‘teeth’. It has bright colours and a beautiful scent. Insects are attraced to the plant because of its vibrant colours and its sweet-scented nectar. The insects land on small ‘trigger’ hairs of the trap and this pressure causes the trap to close. If the insect is too small, the chamber will not close, because there is not enough pressure. Once the trap has swallowed an insect it takes ten days to diggest it. The Venus Flytrap prefers tropical weather and so it is found in places like South America. It is often used by people to catch the annoying insects that fly around their houses. In my opinion it’s very useful plant! Bradley Aldous  The Picher of DeathYou may have heard of a plant called the Picher of Death. As you can probably tell by its name, it kills and eats insects. If you want to know how, read on! To catch flies and other insects, this  plant needs a bait and a trap. The bait in this case in nectar. The trap is the cup or ‘pitcher’ shaped leaves which have short hairs at the top to give the insect a sure foothold, but slippery hairs pointing downwards, so it can’t escape once it falls in. the other part of the trap is a digestive fluid inside the cup. How it catches the insect is really quite simple. First the insect is attracted by the nectar. Then it slips on the smooth inner surface of the plant. Next it is forced downwards by the slippery hairs. Then it falls into the digestive fluid and is drowned. An interesting fact about this plant is that the pitcher leaves can grow to the size of a fully grown adult’s hand.A brief Summary of Speech Production General statement to Position the ReaderSpeech production is made possible by the speciallised movements of our vocal organs generate speech sounds waves. ExplanationLike all sound production, speech production reguires a source of energy. The source of energy for speech production is the steady stream of air that comes from the lungs as we exhale. When we breathe normally, the air stream is inaudible, the air stream must vibrate rapidly. The vocal cords cause the air stream to vibrate. ExplanationAs we talk, the vocal cords open and close rapidly, chopping up the steady air stream into a series of puffs. These puffs are heard as a buzz. But this buzz is still not speech. ExplanationTo produce speech sounds, the vocal tract must change shape. During speech we continually after the shape of the vocal track by moving the tongue and lips, etc. these movements change the acoustic properties of the vocal tract, which in turn produce the different sounds of speech.   

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
05-11-2008 dedy
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

mbak tolong cariin narrative text tentang legend & saya udah nyari tapi gak ketemu

Contoh legenda:

The Legend of Nyi Roro Kidul
The domain of Nyi Loro Kidul, the legendary queen of the South Seas, is Parangtritis in Central Java. Her hair is green and full of shells and seaweed, and, she holds court over sea nymphs and other creatures of the deep. She is venerated and feared by the Javanese. In fact, they never wear the colour green when entering the sea for fear of offending Nyi Loro Kidul whose hair is green!.

‘The legend of Nyi Roro Kidul herself is very popular. Before turning into a nymph,Nyai Roro Kidul was a young princess named Dewi Kandita, the daughter of King Mundangwangi and his first wife. The popularity of Dewi Kandita and her mother Dewi Rembulan was beyond doubt. They were known for their beauty, kindness and friendliness, and people loved them.

However, the misery of their lives began when Dewi Mutiara, another wife of King Mundangwangi, known locally as selir, became green with envy and grew ambitions to become the first wife, thereby deserving full affection and attention from the king.

Dewi Mutiara’s dream came true when one day she bore the son that the king had long been yearning for. Through the assistance of a witch, Dewi Mutiara made the king’s wives Dewi Rembulan and Dewi Kandita suffer from ’strange’ disease, with their bodies covered with scabies that created the odour of fish. The disease led them to be sent into exile in the forest where later Dewi Rembulan died. After a long, hard and helpless journey, the scabies-covered Dewi Kandita eventually arrived at a beach where she met a young, handsome man who promised to cure her illness.

At the request of the young man, Dewi Kandita chased after him as he ran along the beach. When she reached the water, the man disappeared and, to her surprise, all the scabies had disappeared but, strangely, she could not move her legs. Half her body, from the waist down, had turned into the body of a fish.

Since then she became a sea-nymph, and the locals believe that Nyi Roro Kidul is the manifestation of Dewi Kandita’ .

Jika anda ingin mencari legenda yang lain, silakan ketik: www.google.com, kemudian tuliskan kata kunci, seperti Javanese legend, Indonesian legend,etc. Tq. Selamat mencoba.


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
05-11-2008
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

Tolong berikan contoh text diskripsi dan recount minimal 5 paragraf

Contoh Recount: A Visit to a Sheep Property 

Last holidays I visited a sheep property. I helped in the shearing sheds and in the yards.

                       

On the first day the Merino wethers were crutched. I helped by sweeping up after the rouseabout picked up the wool pieces. Shearers start early (at 7.30 am).

 

After lunch, we started shearing the lambs. There were more than 400 so we didn't finish until the next day. Once again I was sweeping and picking up dags.

 

I was tired by the end of the day in the shed but our work wasn't finished. We all had to help to get the wethers and lambs back into the paddocks. As well, we had to get a mob of ewes and their lambs into the yards for shearing the next day. Then it was time for tea (that's what my nanna calls dinner).

                       

This was a very long day but I enjoyed it a lot.

  An Excursion to the Botanical Garden On Thursday 24 April we went to the Botanical Garden. We walked down and boarded the bus. After we arrived at the garden, we walked down to the Education Centre. The third grade students went to have alook around. First, we went to the first farm and Mrs. James read us some information. Then, we looked at all the lovely plants. After that we went down to a little spot on the Botanical Garden and had a morning tea break. Next, we did sketching and then we met the fourth grade students at the Education Centre to have lunch. Soon after that, it was time for us to go and make our terrariums while the fourth year students went to have a walk. A lady took us into a special room and introduced herself. Then she explained what we were going to do. Next, she took us to a pyramid terrarium. It was really interesting. 

After we had finished, we met the fourth grade students outside the gardens. Then we reboarded the bus and returned to school.

 Contoh Descriptive Text:  SAN FRANCISCO San Francisco is my favorite city in the United States. It is beautiful, clean, not too big, and it has something for everybody. I love the streets and buildings in San Francisco. The streets wind up and down the hills, with beautiful old brick and wooden houses on either side.One of my favorite things to do in San Francisco is to ride the cable car. It takes you to most parts of the city. It’s not a very comfortable ride, but it’s exciting and the views you get from the car are wonderful. And I like the weather in San Francisco. It never gets too cold or too hot. The summers are pleasant. The fresh breezes blow off the ocean and the sky is always blue. It rains quite a lot in the winter, but it never gets very cold.Another thing I enjoy about the city is the restaurants. The seafood restaurants, with crabs and lobster, are my favorites. You can also get great Chinese, Japanese, American and European food in San Francisco. 

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 8
05-11-2008 radit
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd