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Halaman Arsip Pertanyaan
Setiap jawaban yang ada disini adalah jawaban yang beberapa diantaranya adalah sekedar contoh, tidak mengikat secara hukum atau ketentuan yang berlaku. Hak cipta tidak ada pada pengelola.


4620 Data founds
Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 12
Pertanyaan : saya minta tolong berikan contoh recount text? terima kasih
Penjawab : Operator TIT
Jawaban : kita akan melihat salah satu jenis teks yakni RECOUNT. Tapi sebelumnya, kalian tentunya pernah punya pengalaman yang sampai saat ini kalian ingat betul karena mungkin pengalaman itu adalah pengalaman yang paling menggembirakan, paling lucu, atau mungkin pengalaman yang paling menyedihkan. Nah,tentu juga kalian pernah menceritakan pengalaman itu pada orang lain, misalnya waktu kalian curhat sama temen kalian. Nah, RECOUNT TEXT sebenarnya tidak jauh beda dengan menceritakan hal yang pernah kita alami. Lebih jelasnya, mari kita lihat sebuah contoh teks RECOUNT di bawah ini.

 

RECOUNT TEXT

 

GENERIC STRUCTURE

Dear Grandma and Grandpa,

Yesterday at my school we had an International Day. We had performances, food stalls, displays, raffle ticket draw, and some of us were dressed in costumes.

ORIENTATION

We started our day with performances. The performance I was in was Ladamba. However, the one I liked best was the one from the fourth grade.

EVENT 1

Right after our performances we had our lunch. There were food stalls. They came from Australia, Asia, Arab, and Greece.

EVENT 2

Everyone had a job. I did my job after I had lunch. My job was to sell International Day books.

EVENT 3

We also had displays in the hall. These displays were good, but I didn’t get to see them. The displays came from a lot of countries.

EVENT 4

There was also a Trash and Treasure stall where they sold toys. The school got these things by asking the children to bring them in.

EVENT 5

Although I didn’t win anything, International Day was still fun.

REORIENTATION

 

Nah, dari contoh diatas, kita tahu bahwa teks RECOUNT mempunyai GENERIC STRUCTURE sebagai berikut :

  1. Orientation : Provides the setting and introduces the participants (memberikan informasi tentang apa, siapa, di mana dan kapan).
  2. Events : Tell what happened in what sequence ( Laporan urutan kegiatan yang biasanya disampaikan secara berurutan)

  3. Reorientation : Optional – closure of events. (biasanya berisi komentar pribadi / penilaian. Tidak selau ada dalam teks RECOUNT.

Ayo, berdasarkan contoh diatas ada yang bisa menyebutkan ciri – ciri teks RECOUNT! Yap, betul, sebagian ciri – ciri teks RECOUNT adalah sebagai berikut :

  • Use of past tense (Penggunaan waktu masa lampau)
  • Focus on temporal sequence (Fokus pada urutan waktu dengan kata – kata penghubung yang menunjukkan waktu mis : when, after, then dsb)
  • Noun and noun phrases (Penggunaan kata benda maupun phrasa kata benda)
  • Focus on specific participant ( Fokus pada tokoh secara spesifik I, We, the fourth grade).

Nah, kalau tujuan teksnya / COMMUNICATIVE PURPOSEnya pasti udah pada tahu khan??? Yap, this text is aimed at telling events for the purpose of informing or entertaining (Melaporkan peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatan dengan tujuan memberitakan atau menghibur. Ok, udah jelas khan tentang RECOUNT TEXT ini??? Trus sekarang kalian bisa dong latihan SPEAKING dan LISTENING dengan saling menceritakan dan menyimak pengalaman masa lampau kalian dan temen - temen kalian. Atau mau latihan WRITING dan READING dengan saling menulis dan membaca surat RECOUNT seperti contoh diatas

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 12
Penanya : Susan
Pertanyaan : kenapa di arsip kls XI udah aq cari tapi ga ada contoh explanation text? Thx
Penjawab : Operator TIT
Jawaban :

Dear SUsan, OK sekarang kami berikan contoh explanation text lagi.

Text 1.

Tsunami

The term of “tsunami” comes from the Japanese which means harbour ("tsu") and wave ("nami"). A tsunamigk is a series of waves generated when water in a lake or the sea is rapidly displaced on a massive scale.

A tsunami can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and vertically displaces the overlying water. Such large vertical movements of the earth's crust can occur at plate boundaries.

Subduction of earthquakes are particularly effective in generating tsunamis, and occur where denser oceanic plates slip under continental plates.

As the displaced water mass moves under the influence of gravity to regain its equilibrium, it radiates across the ocean like ripples on a pond.

Tsunami always bring great damage. Most of the damage is caused by the huge mass of water behind the initial wave front, as the height of the sea keeps rising fast and floods powerfully into the coastal area.

Text 2

How Day and Night Happen

The sun seems to rise in the morning, crosses the sky during the day and sets at night. However the sun does not actually move around the earth. Earth's turning on its axis makes it look as if the sun is moves.
The earth makes a complete turn on its axis for 24 hours. It is called as rotation. It causes day and night. The earth also moves around the sun. It takes 365 days or a year. This process is called revolution. The revolution process causes the changes of the season.

Text 3

In the summer, the amount of daylight that we get is more than we get in winter. This is not because as much people think we are closer to the sun but because of the tilt of the earth.
The earth is actually closer to the sun in winter than it is in summer but you would be forgiven for thinking that this can not be true after looking out of your window on a cold and frosty morning.
It seems strange that as the earth get closer to the sun during its orbit then the amount of daylight that we get decrease. But that is the case. It is the tilt of the earth that determine the amount of daylight that we get and so the length of time that for us the sun is above the horizon.
(Taken from: www.ictteachers.co.uk)

 Explanation Text

Definition and purposes of Explanation
Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say 'why' and 'how' of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.

Generic structure of Explanation
General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.

Language Feature
Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc
Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc
Using passive voice pattern
Using simple present tense

 


 

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 11
Penanya : andi
Pertanyaan : kk tolong jelasin announcement sama cth announcement yang durasi ny 2 mnt.. tq ya..
Penjawab : Operator TIT
Jawaban :

Dear Andi,

I.                     

 

Announcement All students of Class Seven One, are supposed to gather in the school yard on Monday August 12 th, 2006 at 10 a.m. for practicing flag ceremony. Please, be on time!                               

  Chairman

 

Genres / Text Types

\"\"
Ini adalah ringkasan dari beberapa jenis teks / genres yang paling dominan dalam konteks Budaya Bahasa Inggris yang diajarkan dari SMP Kelas 7 sampai SMA Kelas 12. Materi ini diadaptasi dari Making Sense of Functional Grammar (Gerot and Wignell, 1994) serta Presentasi oleh Helena I.R. Agustien Phd

Genres

Social Function (Tujuan / Fungsi Sosial)

Generic Structure (Struktur)

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features (Ciri – ciri yang menonjol)

Narrative

To amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or vicarious experiences in different ways. (Untuk menghibur pembaca melalui cerita).

a. Orientation: Sets the scene and introduces the participants. (Memperkenalkan tokoh dan setting).b. Complication : A crisis arises (Munculnya masalah).c. Resolution : the crisis is resolved (Terselesainya masalah).e. Evaluation : A stepping back to evaluate the plight. (Melangkah ke belakang untuk memikirkan nilai / makna sebuah peristiwa, bisa ada dan tidak)d. Reorientation : Optional (Bisa ada / atau tidak ada fungsinya menyimpulkan isi cerita )a. Focus on specific usually individualized participants. (Fokus pada tokoh – tokoh tertentu secara individu).b. The use of Simple Past (Penggunaan Tenses Masa Lampau)c. The use of temporal conjunction (Penggunaan kata penghubung yang menunjukkan waktu ex : After, before, when dll).d. The use of noun phrases (Penggunaan frasa kata benda yang kaya dengan adjective misalnya : long black hair, two red apples.

Descriptive

To describe a particular person, place or thing (Untuk menggambarkan orang, benda, atau tempat tertentu secara khusus)

a. Identification : Identifies phenomenon ( Mengidentifikasi / pengenalan fenomena / hal yang dideskripsikan).b. Description : Menggambarkan bagian, kualitas, maupun ciri – ciri)a. The Use of Simple Present Tense (Penggunaan Simple Present Tense). b. Focus on Specific Participant (Fokus kepada Hal / orang / tempat secara khusus)

Recount

To tell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining (Melaporkan peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatandengan tujuan memberitakan atau menghibur)a. Orientation : Provides the setting and introduces the participants (yaitu memberikan informasi tentang apa, siapa, di mana dan kapan). b. Events : Tell what happened in what sequence ( Laporan urutan kegiatan yang biasanya disampaikan secara berurutan)c. Reorientation : Optional – closure of events. (biasanya berisi komentar pribadi / penilaian jika ada a. Use of past tense : Penggunaan waktu masa lampau) b. Focus on temporal sequence (Fokus pada urutan waktu dengan kata – kata penghubung yang menunjukkan waktu mis : when, after, then dsb). c. Noun dan noun phrases.

Genres

Social Function (Tujuan / Fungsi Sosial)

Generic Structure (Struktur)

Significant Lexicogrammatical Features (Ciri – ciri yang menonjol)

Report

To describe the way things are with reference to a range of natural, man – made and social phenomenon in our environment. (Menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan. Yang dideskripsikan dapat meliputi gajala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial) a. General Classification: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is ( Pernyataan secara umum yang menjelaskan tentang objek yang dideskripsikan. Keterangan, dan klasifikasinya). b. Description : tells what phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of parts, qualities, habits, or behaviors (if living) or uses (if non-natural) (Memberikan penjelasan tentang hal yang dideskripsikan. kalau hal yang dideskripsikan merupakan benda hidup maka bisa dideskripsikan bgian – bagiannya, kualitasnya, kebiasaanya, atau perilakunya. Kalau benda mati maka yang dideskripsikan adalah kegunannya)a. Focus on generic participants : Fokus pada hal secara umum. b. Use of Present Tense (Unless extinct) (Pengunaan Present Tense kecuali kalau benda itu sudah punah.

Procedure

To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps (Menjelaskan bagaimana mencapai sebuah tujuan dengan memberikan serangkaian langkah / tindakkan) a. Goals (Tujuan yang hendak dicapai, biasanya ada dalam judulnya)b. Materials (Bahan – bahan, tidak semua jenis teks Prosedur ada). c. Steps A series of steps oriented to achieve the goal (Sejumlah langkah untuk mencapai tujuan. a. Use of simple present Tense often imperative (Penggunaan Simple Present Tense, sering kali merupakan kalimat perintah). b. Use mainly of temporal conjunction / connectives (penggunaan kata untuk mnerangkan waktu misalnya then, after that) c. Penggunaan action verbs (Cut, Mix.

Analytical Exposition

To persuade the reader or listener that something is the case. (Untuk meyakinkan dan mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar bahwa ada masalah yang perlu mendapat perhatian) a. Thesis Position: Introduces topics and indicates writer’s position. (Memberitahukan topic dan menunjukkan pendapat penulis). b. Arguments Points : Menjelaskan argument dan elaborasi (dijelaskan secara mendetailc. Reiteration : Restates writer position : Menjelaskan kembali posisi penulis atau penguatan kembali posisi penulis General nouns, misalnya car, pollution, leaded petrol car, dsb.· Abstract nouns, misalnya policy, government, dsb.· Technical verbs, misalnya species of animals, dsb.· Relating verbs, misalnya It is important, dsb.· Action verbs, misalnya She must save, dsb.· Thinking verbs, misalnya Many people believe, dsb· Modal verbs, misalnya we must preserve, dsb.

 

· Modal adverbs, misalnya certainly, we, dsb.

· Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly,dsb.

· Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb.

* Kalimat pasif

Hortatory Exposition

To persuade the reader that something should or should not be the case. (Meyakinkan kepada pembaca bahwa sesuatu seharusnya dilakukan atau tidak dilakukan) a. Thesis : announcement of issue concern (Menjelaskan tentang hal yang dibahas) b. Arguments : Reasons for concerns, leading to recommendation (Alasan yang digunakan yang menuju pada rekomendasi tentang apa yang seharusnya / tidak seharusnya dilakukan)c. Statement : statement of what ought or ought not to happen (Pernyataan tentang apa yang seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya terjadi / dilakukan)Terfokus ke pembicara / penulis yang mengangkat isu.· Abstract nouns, misalnya policy, government,dsb.· Technical verbs, misalnya species of animals, dsb.· Relating verbs, misalnya should be, doesn’t seem to be dsb.· Action verbs, misalnya We must act, dsb.· Thinking verbs, misalnya I believe, dsb· Modal verbs, misalnya we must preserve, dsb

 

· Modal adverbs, misalnya certainly, wem dsb.

· Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly, dsb

· Simple present tense

· Kalimat pasif

· Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb.

Review

To critique an art work, event for a public audience. It includes movies, TV shows, books, plays, operas, recordings, exhibitions, concerts, and ballets. (Melakukan kritik terhadap peristiwa atau karya seni untuk pembaca atau pendengar halayak ramai, misalnya film, pertunjukan, buku, dll.) a. Orientation: places the work in its general context often by comparing it with others of its kind (Menempatkan karya tersebut dalam konteks secara umum seringkali dengan membandingkan karya lain yang sejenis). b. Interpretive Recount: summarizes the plot or / and provides an account of how the reviewed rendition of the work came into being. (Memberikan ringkasan alur dan atau Menafsirkan karya itu, struktur ini biasa ada atau tidak ada dalam suatu review). c. Evaluation : Provides an evaluation of the work and / or its performance or production (Memberikan evaluasi tentang karya atau pementasannya).
  • Terfokus pada partisipan tertentu;
  • Menggunakan:
  • adjectives menunjukkan sikap, seperti bad, good;
  • klausa panjang dan kompleks;
  • metafor.

Discussion

To present (at least) two points of view about an issue (Membahas suatu maslah yang paling tidak dipandang dari dua sudut pandang) a. Issue : Statement (Pernyataan tentang hal yang dibahas) b. Arguments for and against or statemetn of differingv points of view (Argumen yang mendukung atau melawan pernyataan). c. Point d. Elaboration (Penjelasan) e. Conclusion or Recommendation (Ringkasan atau rekomendasi) a. general nouns untuk menyatakan kategori, misalnya uniforms, alcohol, dsb,b. relating verbs untuk memberi informasi tentang isu yang didiskusikan, misalnya smoking is harmful, dsb.c. thinking verbs untuk mengungkapkan pandangan pribadi penulis, misalnya feel, believe, hope, dsb.d. additives, contrastives dan causal connectives untuk menghubungkan argumen, misalnya similarly, on the hand, however, dsb.e. detailed noun groups untuk memberikan informasi secara padu, misalnya the dumping of unwanted kittens, dsb.f. modalities, seperti perhaps, must, should, should have been, could be, dsb.g. adverbials of maner, misalnya deliberately.

News Item

To inform readers, listeners, or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important (memberitahukan kepada pembaca, pendengar, atau penonton tentang sebuah peristiwa atau kejadian yang penting). a. Newsworthy events: Penceritaan kembali tentang Ringkasan kejadian. b. Background Events : Menjelaskan apa yang terjadi, kepada siapa dan dalam kondisi seperti apa. c. Source : komentar – komentar oleh para saksi, pelaku, pejabat setempat, atau ahli dalam kejadian tersebut. a. Terfokus pada orang, binatang, benda tertentu;b. Menggunakan action verbs, misalnya eat, run;c. Menggunakan keterangan waktu dan tempat;d. Menggunakan past tense;e. Disusun sesuai dengan urutan kejadian

Explanation

Menerangkan proses yang berlangsung dalam pembentukkan atau pelaksanaan kegiatan yang berhubungan dengan gejala – gelaja / fenomena sosio budaya. a. A general statement : Pernyataan umum b. A sequenced explanation : Penjelasan secara brerurutan mengapa atau bagaimana sesuatu terjadi. a. general dan abstract nouns, misalnya word chopping, earthquakes;b. action verbs;c. simple present tense;d. passive voice;e. conjunctions of time dan cause;f. noun phrase, misalnya the large cloud;g. abstract nouns, misalnya the temperature;

 

h. adverbial phrases;

complex sentences;

bahasa teknis;

    \"\"
              

     

    1.      What’s the text about ?2.      Who is the announcement for ?

     

    Media : Website
    Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
    Kelas : 11
    Penanya : metha
    Pertanyaan : saya butuh cntoh klimat paragraf recount
    Penjawab : Operator TIT
    Jawaban :

    Dear metha,

    The followings are the examples of recount and the analysis.

    Text 1. Visiting Bali; a recount Text 

    There were so many places to see in Bali that my friend decided to join the tours to see as much as possible. My friend stayed in Kuta on arrival. He spent the first three days swimming and surfing on Kuta beach. He visited some tour agents and selected two tours. The first one was to Singaraja, the second was to Ubud.
    On the day of the tour, he was ready. My friend and his group drove on through mountains. Singaraja is a city of about 90 thousands people. It is a busy but quiet town. The street are lined with trees and there are many old Dutch houses. Then they returned very late in the evening to Kuta.
    The second tour to Ubud was a very different tour. It was not to see the scenery but to see the art and the craft of the island. The first stop was at Batubulan, a center of stone sculpture. There my friend watched young boys were carving away at big blocks of stone. The next stop was Celuk, a center for silversmiths and goldensmiths. After that he stopped a little while for lunch at Sukawati and on to mass. Mass is a tourist center
    My friend ten-day-stay ended very quickly beside his two tour, all his day was spent on the beach. He went sailing or surfboarding every day. He was quiet satisfied.

    Let me remind you my experience during an earthquake last week. When the earthquake happened, I was on my car. I was driving home from my vocation to Bali.
    Suddenly my car lunched to one side, to the left. I thought I got flat tire. I did not know that it was an earthquake. I knew it was an earthquake when I saw some telephone and electricity poles falling down to the ground, like matchsticks.
    Then I saw a lot of rocks tumbling across the road. I was trapped by the rock. Even I could not move my car at all. There were rocks everywhere. There was nothing I could do but left the car and walked along way to my house, in the town.
    When I reached my town, I was so surprised that there was almost nothing left. The earthquake made a lot of damage to my town. Although nothing was left, I thanked God that nobody was seriously injured.

    Analyzing the Text
    Generic Structure Analysis
    Orientation; introducing the participant, using first person point of view, I was on the car las week.
    Events; describing a series of event which happened. The car lunched to one side. Telephone and electricity poles was falling down, etc.
    Re-orientation; stating the writer's personal note. Thanking God because nobody was seriously injured.
    Language Feature Analysis
    Using personal participant; I
    Using chronological connectives; then, and, suddenly
    Using linking verb; was, were
    Using action verb; moved, left, walked, made, etc
    Using simple past tense pattern; earthquake happened, I was on the car, my car lunched on one side, etc

    Recount Text

    Definition of Recount
    Recount is a text which retells events or experiences in the past. Its purpose is either to inform or to entertain the audience. There is no complication among the participants and that differentiates from narrative

    Generic Structure of Recount
    1. Orientation: Introducing the participants, place and time
    2. Events: Describing series of event that happened in the past
    3. Reorientation: It is optional. Stating personal comment of the writer to the story

    Language Feature of Recount
    • Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc
    • Using chronological connection; then, first, etc
    • Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc
    • Using action verb; look, go, change, etc
    • Using simple past tense

    Media : Website
    Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
    Kelas : 11
    Penanya : metha
    Pertanyaan : saya butuh cntoh klimat paragraf recount
    Penjawab : Operator TIT
    Jawaban :

    Anda mengirim 2 pertanyaan yang sama dan sudah dijawab

     

    Media : Website
    Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
    Kelas : 12
    Penanya : Hani
    Pertanyaan : kk tolong donk minta penjelasan ttg announcement sama contoh announcement yang durasi ny 2 menit...terima kasih
    Penjawab : Operator TIT
    Jawaban :

    announcement adalah pengumuman yang ditujukan bagi orang banyak bisa dalam bentuk tertulis dan juga lesan /written and spoken.

    cotoh penugumuman dalam spoken busa anda dapatkan pada kaset UN 2006/2007 tentang pengumuaman bagi pengguna kereta api bawah tanah di inggris. kurang lebih sbb:

    Dear subway passengers.

    If you want to go to down town and shopping mall please take the blue line. But if you want to go to fish market and london stadium please take the gray line.Don't forget to prepare your ticket and enjoy your trip.  

    Media : Website
    Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
    Kelas : 11
    Penanya : lena
    Pertanyaan : gimana contoh report teks tentang hewan? cepet ya!!
    Penjawab : Operator TIT
    Jawaban :

    Dear Lena,

    Here is the answer:

    \"\"

    Ok, now we move on to a new kind of text. It’s called REPORT TEXT. Kalau nanti kalian perhatikan, REPORT TEXT ini hampir mirip dengan DESCRIPTIVE TEXT. Kedua teks tesebut sama – sama berfungsi untuk mendeskripsikan. Tapi, tetep aja kedua teks tersebut berbeda. Biar tahu perbedaannya, let’s take a look at the example below!

    REPORT TEXT

    GENERIC STRUCTURE

    Eagles are large birds of prey which mainly inhabit Eurasia and Africa. Outside these two areas, just two species (the Bald and Golden Eagles) can be found in North America - (north of Mexico), a few species in Central and South America, and three others in Australia.

    General Classsification

    Eagles are differentiated from other birds of prey mainly by their larger size, more powerful build, and heavier head and bill. Even the smallest eagles, like the Booted Eagle (which is comparable in size to a Common Buzzard or Red-tailed Hawk), have relatively longer and more evenly broad wings, and more direct, faster flight. Most eagles are larger than any other raptors apart from the vultures. Like all birds of prey, eagles have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, and powerful talons. They also have extremely keen eyesight to enable them to spot potential prey from a very long distance. This keen eyesight is primarily contributed by their extremely large pupils which cause minimal diffraction (scattering) of the incoming light.

    Description

    Yap, setelah lihat contoh diatas, jadi tahu khan ya perbedaan antara REPORT dan DESCRIPTIVE text. Perbedaan yang jelas terlihat adalah GENERIC STRUCTUREnya. Seperti kital ihat dalam contoh, REPORT TEXT mempunyai struktur sebagai berikut

    1. General Classification: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is ( Pernyataan secara umum yang menjelaskan tentang objek yang dideskripsikan. Keterangan, dan klasifikasinya).
    2. Description : tells what phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of parts, qualities, habits, or behaviors (if living) or uses (if non-natural) (Memberikan penjelasan tentang hal yang dideskripsikan. kalau hal yang dideskripsikan merupakan benda hidup maka bisa dideskripsikan bgian – bagiannya, kualitasnya, kebiasaanya, atau perilakunya. Kalau benda mati maka yang dideskripsikan adalah kegunannya)

    Secara jelas, perbedaan antara REPORT dan DESCRIPTIVE adalah STRUKTURnya seperti yang kita lihat diatas. Tapi ada perbedaan yang lebih signifikan antara kedua teks tersebut. Seperti dalam contoh, kita melihat bahwa REPORT mendeskripsikan suatu hal yang umum. Dari contoh diatas, kita melihat bahwa yang dideskripsikan adalah EAGLES secara umum. REPORT tidak mendeskripsikan sesuatau hal yang spesifik. Nah, DESCRIPTIVE adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara khusus. Seperti contoh dalam teks DESCRIPTIVE kemarin, Golden Gate adalah hal yang khusus, tidak seperti EAGLES yang dijelaskan secara umum. Ok, setelah kita melihat GENERIC STRUCTURE dari teks ini sekarang kita akan lihat COMUNICATIVE PURPOSE dari teks REPORT yaitu : To describe the way things are with reference to a range of natural, man – made and social phenomenon in our environment. (Menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan. Yang dideskripsikan dapat meliputi gajala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial). Next, kita akan lihat LEXICOGRAMMAR FEATURES dari teks REPORT ini. Berdasar contoh teks REPORT diatas, maka LEXICOGRAMMAR FEATURES teks ini adalah sebagai berikut :

    a. Focus on generic participants (Fokus pada hal yang dideskripsikan secara umum)

    b. Use of Present Tense (Unless extinct) (Pengunaan Present Tense kecuali kalau benda itu sudah punah)

    Ok, itu adalah salah satu contoh dan pembahasan tentang REPORT TEXT. If you still have things to ask, feel free to write your questions on the comment. I’ll be happy to answer them. Goodbye. Gbu.

    \"\"
    Media : Website
    Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
    Kelas : 11
    Penanya : putri
    Pertanyaan : pak,sya mnta tlg contoh2 dari report text.. cptn y cz darurat bgt.. trima ksih..
    Penjawab : Operator TIT
    Jawaban :

    Dear Putri,

    Here is the answer:

    \"\"

    Now we move on to a new kind of text. It’s called REPORT TEXT. Kalau nanti kalian perhatikan, REPORT TEXT ini hampir mirip dengan DESCRIPTIVE TEXT. Kedua teks tesebut sama – sama berfungsi untuk mendeskripsikan. Tapi, tetep aja kedua teks tersebut berbeda. Biar tahu perbedaannya, let’s take a look at the example below!

    REPORT TEXT

    GENERIC STRUCTURE

    Eagles are large birds of prey which mainly inhabit Eurasia and Africa. Outside these two areas, just two species (the Bald and Golden Eagles) can be found in North America - (north of Mexico), a few species in Central and South America, and three others in Australia.

    General Classsification

    Eagles are differentiated from other birds of prey mainly by their larger size, more powerful build, and heavier head and bill. Even the smallest eagles, like the Booted Eagle (which is comparable in size to a Common Buzzard or Red-tailed Hawk), have relatively longer and more evenly broad wings, and more direct, faster flight. Most eagles are larger than any other raptors apart from the vultures. Like all birds of prey, eagles have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, and powerful talons. They also have extremely keen eyesight to enable them to spot potential prey from a very long distance. This keen eyesight is primarily contributed by their extremely large pupils which cause minimal diffraction (scattering) of the incoming light.

    Description

    Yap, setelah lihat contoh diatas, jadi tahu khan ya perbedaan antara REPORT dan DESCRIPTIVE text. Perbedaan yang jelas terlihat adalah GENERIC STRUCTUREnya. Seperti kital ihat dalam contoh, REPORT TEXT mempunyai struktur sebagai berikut

    1. General Classification: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is ( Pernyataan secara umum yang menjelaskan tentang objek yang dideskripsikan. Keterangan, dan klasifikasinya).
    2. Description : tells what phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of parts, qualities, habits, or behaviors (if living) or uses (if non-natural) (Memberikan penjelasan tentang hal yang dideskripsikan. kalau hal yang dideskripsikan merupakan benda hidup maka bisa dideskripsikan bgian – bagiannya, kualitasnya, kebiasaanya, atau perilakunya. Kalau benda mati maka yang dideskripsikan adalah kegunannya)

    Secara jelas, perbedaan antara REPORT dan DESCRIPTIVE adalah STRUKTURnya seperti yang kita lihat diatas. Tapi ada perbedaan yang lebih signifikan antara kedua teks tersebut. Seperti dalam contoh, kita melihat bahwa REPORT mendeskripsikan suatu hal yang umum. Dari contoh diatas, kita melihat bahwa yang dideskripsikan adalah EAGLES secara umum. REPORT tidak mendeskripsikan sesuatau hal yang spesifik. Nah, DESCRIPTIVE adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara khusus. Seperti contoh dalam teks DESCRIPTIVE kemarin, Golden Gate adalah hal yang khusus, tidak seperti EAGLES yang dijelaskan secara umum. Ok, setelah kita melihat GENERIC STRUCTURE dari teks ini sekarang kita akan lihat COMUNICATIVE PURPOSE dari teks REPORT yaitu : To describe the way things are with reference to a range of natural, man – made and social phenomenon in our environment. (Menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan. Yang dideskripsikan dapat meliputi gajala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial). Next, kita akan lihat LEXICOGRAMMAR FEATURES dari teks REPORT ini. Berdasar contoh teks REPORT diatas, maka LEXICOGRAMMAR FEATURES teks ini adalah sebagai berikut :

    a. Focus on generic participants (Fokus pada hal yang dideskripsikan secara umum)

    b. Use of Present Tense (Unless extinct) (Pengunaan Present Tense kecuali kalau benda itu sudah punah)

    Ok, itu adalah salah satu contoh dan pembahasan tentang REPORT TEXT. If you still have things to ask, feel free to write your questions on the comment. I’ll be happy to answer them. Goodbye. Gbu.

    \"\"
    Media : Website
    Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
    Kelas : 12
    Penanya : Nana
    Pertanyaan : Mba tolong kasih tau text discussion itu apa.dan kasih tau contoh discussion ya.thanks.
    Penjawab : Operator TIT
    Jawaban :

    Dear Nana,

    Berikut penjelasan tentang macam-macam teks:

     

    Genres

    Social Function (Tujuan / Fungsi Sosial)

    Generic Structure (Struktur)

    Significant Lexicogrammatical Features (Ciri – ciri yang menonjol)

    Narrative

    To amuse, entertain, and to deal with actual or vicarious experiences in different ways. (Untuk menghibur pembaca melalui cerita).

    a. Orientation: Sets the scene and introduces the participants. (Memperkenalkan tokoh dan setting).b. Complication : A crisis arises (Munculnya masalah).c. Resolution : the crisis is resolved (Terselesainya masalah).e. Evaluation : A stepping back to evaluate the plight. (Melangkah ke belakang untuk memikirkan nilai / makna sebuah peristiwa, bisa ada dan tidak)d. Reorientation : Optional (Bisa ada / atau tidak ada fungsinya menyimpulkan isi cerita )a. Focus on specific usually individualized participants. (Fokus pada tokoh – tokoh tertentu secara individu).b. The use of Simple Past (Penggunaan Tenses Masa Lampau)c. The use of temporal conjunction (Penggunaan kata penghubung yang menunjukkan waktu ex : After, before, when dll).d. The use of noun phrases (Penggunaan frasa kata benda yang kaya dengan adjective misalnya : long black hair, two red apples.

    Descriptive

    To describe a particular person, place or thing (Untuk menggambarkan orang, benda, atau tempat tertentu secara khusus)

    a. Identification : Identifies phenomenon ( Mengidentifikasi / pengenalan fenomena / hal yang dideskripsikan).b. Description : Menggambarkan bagian, kualitas, maupun ciri – ciri)a. The Use of Simple Present Tense (Penggunaan Simple Present Tense). b. Focus on Specific Participant (Fokus kepada Hal / orang / tempat secara khusus)

    Recount

    To tell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining (Melaporkan peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatandengan tujuan memberitakan atau menghibur)a. Orientation : Provides the setting and introduces the participants (yaitu memberikan informasi tentang apa, siapa, di mana dan kapan). b. Events : Tell what happened in what sequence ( Laporan urutan kegiatan yang biasanya disampaikan secara berurutan)c. Reorientation : Optional – closure of events. (biasanya berisi komentar pribadi / penilaian jika ada a. Use of past tense : Penggunaan waktu masa lampau) b. Focus on temporal sequence (Fokus pada urutan waktu dengan kata – kata penghubung yang menunjukkan waktu mis : when, after, then dsb). c. Noun dan noun phrases.

    Genres

    Social Function (Tujuan / Fungsi Sosial)

    Generic Structure (Struktur)

    Significant Lexicogrammatical Features (Ciri – ciri yang menonjol)

    Report

    To describe the way things are with reference to a range of natural, man – made and social phenomenon in our environment. (Menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan. Yang dideskripsikan dapat meliputi gajala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial) a. General Classification: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is ( Pernyataan secara umum yang menjelaskan tentang objek yang dideskripsikan. Keterangan, dan klasifikasinya). b. Description : tells what phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of parts, qualities, habits, or behaviors (if living) or uses (if non-natural) (Memberikan penjelasan tentang hal yang dideskripsikan. kalau hal yang dideskripsikan merupakan benda hidup maka bisa dideskripsikan bgian – bagiannya, kualitasnya, kebiasaanya, atau perilakunya. Kalau benda mati maka yang dideskripsikan adalah kegunannya)a. Focus on generic participants : Fokus pada hal secara umum. b. Use of Present Tense (Unless extinct) (Pengunaan Present Tense kecuali kalau benda itu sudah punah.

    Procedure

    To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps (Menjelaskan bagaimana mencapai sebuah tujuan dengan memberikan serangkaian langkah / tindakkan) a. Goals (Tujuan yang hendak dicapai, biasanya ada dalam judulnya)b. Materials (Bahan – bahan, tidak semua jenis teks Prosedur ada). c. Steps A series of steps oriented to achieve the goal (Sejumlah langkah untuk mencapai tujuan. a. Use of simple present Tense often imperative (Penggunaan Simple Present Tense, sering kali merupakan kalimat perintah). b. Use mainly of temporal conjunction / connectives (penggunaan kata untuk mnerangkan waktu misalnya then, after that) c. Penggunaan action verbs (Cut, Mix.

    Analytical Exposition

    To persuade the reader or listener that something is the case. (Untuk meyakinkan dan mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar bahwa ada masalah yang perlu mendapat perhatian) a. Thesis Position: Introduces topics and indicates writer’s position. (Memberitahukan topic dan menunjukkan pendapat penulis). b. Arguments Points : Menjelaskan argument dan elaborasi (dijelaskan secara mendetailc. Reiteration : Restates writer position : Menjelaskan kembali posisi penulis atau penguatan kembali posisi penulis General nouns, misalnya car, pollution, leaded petrol car, dsb.· Abstract nouns, misalnya policy, government, dsb.· Technical verbs, misalnya species of animals, dsb.· Relating verbs, misalnya It is important, dsb.· Action verbs, misalnya She must save, dsb.· Thinking verbs, misalnya Many people believe, dsb· Modal verbs, misalnya we must preserve, dsb.

     

    · Modal adverbs, misalnya certainly, we, dsb.

    · Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly,dsb.

    · Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb.

    * Kalimat pasif

    Hortatory Exposition

    To persuade the reader that something should or should not be the case. (Meyakinkan kepada pembaca bahwa sesuatu seharusnya dilakukan atau tidak dilakukan) a. Thesis : announcement of issue concern (Menjelaskan tentang hal yang dibahas) b. Arguments : Reasons for concerns, leading to recommendation (Alasan yang digunakan yang menuju pada rekomendasi tentang apa yang seharusnya / tidak seharusnya dilakukan)c. Statement : statement of what ought or ought not to happen (Pernyataan tentang apa yang seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya terjadi / dilakukan)Terfokus ke pembicara / penulis yang mengangkat isu.· Abstract nouns, misalnya policy, government,dsb.· Technical verbs, misalnya species of animals, dsb.· Relating verbs, misalnya should be, doesn’t seem to be dsb.· Action verbs, misalnya We must act, dsb.· Thinking verbs, misalnya I believe, dsb· Modal verbs, misalnya we must preserve, dsb

     

    · Modal adverbs, misalnya certainly, wem dsb.

    · Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly, dsb

    · Simple present tense

    · Kalimat pasif

    · Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb.

    Review

    To critique an art work, event for a public audience. It includes movies, TV shows, books, plays, operas, recordings, exhibitions, concerts, and ballets. (Melakukan kritik terhadap peristiwa atau karya seni untuk pembaca atau pendengar halayak ramai, misalnya film, pertunjukan, buku, dll.) a. Orientation: places the work in its general context often by comparing it with others of its kind (Menempatkan karya tersebut dalam konteks secara umum seringkali dengan membandingkan karya lain yang sejenis). b. Interpretive Recount: summarizes the plot or / and provides an account of how the reviewed rendition of the work came into being. (Memberikan ringkasan alur dan atau Menafsirkan karya itu, struktur ini biasa ada atau tidak ada dalam suatu review). c. Evaluation : Provides an evaluation of the work and / or its performance or production (Memberikan evaluasi tentang karya atau pementasannya).
    • Terfokus pada partisipan tertentu;
    • Menggunakan:
    • adjectives menunjukkan sikap, seperti bad, good;
    • klausa panjang dan kompleks;
    • metafor.

    Discussion

    To present (at least) two points of view about an issue (Membahas suatu maslah yang paling tidak dipandang dari dua sudut pandang) a. Issue : Statement (Pernyataan tentang hal yang dibahas) b. Arguments for and against or statemetn of differingv points of view (Argumen yang mendukung atau melawan pernyataan). c. Point d. Elaboration (Penjelasan) e. Conclusion or Recommendation (Ringkasan atau rekomendasi) a. general nouns untuk menyatakan kategori, misalnya uniforms, alcohol, dsb,b. relating verbs untuk memberi informasi tentang isu yang didiskusikan, misalnya smoking is harmful, dsb.c. thinking verbs untuk mengungkapkan pandangan pribadi penulis, misalnya feel, believe, hope, dsb.d. additives, contrastives dan causal connectives untuk menghubungkan argumen, misalnya similarly, on the hand, however, dsb.e. detailed noun groups untuk memberikan informasi secara padu, misalnya the dumping of unwanted kittens, dsb.f. modalities, seperti perhaps, must, should, should have been, could be, dsb.g. adverbials of maner, misalnya deliberately.

    News Item

    To inform readers, listeners, or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important (memberitahukan kepada pembaca, pendengar, atau penonton tentang sebuah peristiwa atau kejadian yang penting). a. Newsworthy events: Penceritaan kembali tentang Ringkasan kejadian. b. Background Events : Menjelaskan apa yang terjadi, kepada siapa dan dalam kondisi seperti apa. c. Source : komentar – komentar oleh para saksi, pelaku, pejabat setempat, atau ahli dalam kejadian tersebut. a. Terfokus pada orang, binatang, benda tertentu;b. Menggunakan action verbs, misalnya eat, run;c. Menggunakan keterangan waktu dan tempat;d. Menggunakan past tense;e. Disusun sesuai dengan urutan kejadian

    Explanation

    Menerangkan proses yang berlangsung dalam pembentukkan atau pelaksanaan kegiatan yang berhubungan dengan gejala – gelaja / fenomena sosio budaya. a. A general statement : Pernyataan umum b. A sequenced explanation : Penjelasan secara brerurutan mengapa atau bagaimana sesuatu terjadi. a. general dan abstract nouns, misalnya word chopping, earthquakes;b. action verbs;c. simple present tense;d. passive voice;e. conjunctions of time dan cause;f. noun phrase, misalnya the large cloud;g. abstract nouns, misalnya the temperature;

     

    h. adverbial phrases;

    complex sentences;

    bahasa teknis;

    Contoh Discussion :

    Hunting Fox

    Foxhunting is a subject that provokes very strong feelings. Many people believe that it is cruel to hunt a fox with dogs and totally agree with its ban.
    Many farmer and even conservationists, however, have always argue that the fox is a pest which attacks livestock and must be controlled.
    (Taken from: www.bbc.co.uk)

    Generic Structure Analysis
    Stating the issue; hunting fox.
    Supporting point; farmers and conservationists agree to hunt fox because they attack livestok.
    Contrastive point; many people disagree hunting fox with dog because it is cruel.
    Recommendation; Do not be cruel in hunting fox just control it in safe way.
    Language Feature Analysis
    Introducing category participant; farmer, conservationists.
    Using thinking verb; believe.
    Using connectives;
    Using modalities; must, always

    Discussion Text

    Definition of Discussion
    Discussion is a text which present a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text.

    Generic Structure of Discussion
    Statement of issue; stating the issue which is to discussed
    List of supporting points; presenting the point in in supporting the presented issue
    List of contrastive point; presenting other points which disagree to the supporting point
    Recommendation; stating the writer' recommendation of the discourse

    Language Feature of Discussion
    Introducing category or generic participant
    Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc
    Using additive, contrastive, and causal connection; similarly, on the hand, however, etc
    Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc
    Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc

    Media : Website
    Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
    Kelas : 12
    Pertanyaan : sekalian narrative y......
    Penjawab : Operator TIT
    Jawaban : Teks Narrative

    Teks yang berisi tentang sebuah cerita atau dongeng dan di dalamnya terdapat konflik/puncak masalah yang diikuti dengan penyelesaian.

    Generic Structure: Orientation - Complication - Resolution

    Orientation berisi: Pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita

    Complication berisi: Puncak masalah/konflik dalam cerita

    Resolution: Pemecahan masalah

     

    Contoh teks Narrative:

     

    1. The Boy who cried “Wolf”

    There was once a shepherd-boy who kept his flock at a little distance from the village. Once he thought he would play a trick on the villagers and have some fun at their expense. So he ran toward the village crying out, with all his might,--

    "Wolf! Wolf! Come and help! The wolves are at my lambs!"

    The kind villagers left their work and ran to the field to help him. But when they got there the boy laughed at them for their pains; there was no wolf there.

    Still another day the boy tried the same trick, and the villagers came running to help and got laughed at again. Then one day a wolf did break into the fold and began killing the lambs. In great fright, the boy ran for help. "Wolf! Wolf!" he screamed. "There is a wolf in the flock! Help!"

    The villagers heard him, but they thought it was another mean trick; no one paid the least attention, or went near him. And the shepherd-boy lost all his sheep.

    Moral value:

    That is the kind of thing that happens to people who lie: even when they tell the truth no one believes them.

    2.

    Once there were two him thin  goats. Both of them were hungry. They were tied together with a brown rope. They wanted to eat the green leaves from two separated bushes. One bush was on the left. The other bush was on the right.

    The goats thought they could do everything on their own. The first goat wanted to go to the bush on the left, but the second goat wanted to go to the bush on the right. However, the rope was short. They tried but they could not reach they bushes. They were sad.

    Then, the goats decided to work together. First, they are the leaves of the bush on the right. Then, ate the leaves on the left. The leaves were delicious. They were happy.

     

    3.

    It was a warm day in March. I was very excited. The day had finally come. I was in the rowing team for the Olympics. I got up very early and exercised as always. Then after breakfast I drove to Drummoyne. My team arrived and at last it was time to start.Ready, set and the starting gun went off. We began in the third position and were slowly moving closer. There they were. We could see the second boat and then we did it.We moved past. My arms were aching. My whole body was sore but we all rowed harder.The first boat was just in front  I saw a dark shadow near the boat. I looked again. What was it? I was sure  it was the shape of a cigar. ‘Oh my  God’,  I thought, ‘I must be seeing things. A shark in Parramata River? Impossible!’Just then I pulled my oar out of the water. ‘Oh no, why only half?’ I thought. Then I knew. I shouted to my team, ‘Shark! Shark!’ and suddenly we forgot the race. We rowed faster than ever back to shore. We made it. Phew, we were safe!

     

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