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Tlng Jlskn dgn jelas tentang Relative Clauses(Who,Whom,Which,That,Where) dan contohny

How To Use A Relative Clause

Use relative clauses to provide extra information. This information can either define something (defining clause), or provide unnecessary, but interesting, added information (non-defining clause).

Relative clauses can be introduced by:

  • a relative pronoun: who (whom), which, that, whose
  • no relative pronoun, Ø.
  • where, why and when instead of a relative pronoun

You need to consider the following when deciding which relative pronoun to use:

  • Is the subject or object or possessive of a relative clause?
  • Does it refers to a person or an object?
  • Is the relative clause a defining or non-defining relative clause?

NOTE: Relative clauses are often used in both spoken and written English. There is a tendency to use non-defining relative clauses mostly in written, rather than in spoken, English.

How To Use A Relative Clause - The Use of Relative Pronouns in Defining Clauses

Relative Pronouns in Defining Relative Clauses

 

Person

Object

Subject

who, that

which, that

Object

Ø, that, who, whom

Ø, which, that

Possessive

whose

whose, of which

Relative Pronouns Used As The Subject of Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Children who (that) play with fire are in great danger of harm.
The man who bought all the books by Hemingway has died.

Generally, who and which are more usual in written English whereas that is more usual in speech when referring to things.

Relative Pronouns Used As The Object of Defining Relative Clauses

Example: That's the boy (Ø , that, who, whom) I invited to the party.
There's the house (Ø, that, which) I'd like to buy.

Relative Pronouns Used As A Possessive In A Defining Relative Clauses

Example: He's the man whose car was stolen last week.
They were sure to visit the town whose location (OR the location of which) was little known.

NOTE: It is preferable to use that (not which) after the following words: all, any(thing), every (thing), few, little, many, much, no(thing), none, some(thing), and after superlatives. When using the pronoun to refer to the object, that can be omitted.

Example: It was everything (that) he had ever wanted.
There were only a few (that) really interested him.

How To Use A Relative Clause - The Use of Relative Pronouns in Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Relative Pronouns in Non-Defining Relative Clauses

 

Person

Object

Subject

who

which

Object

who, whom

which

Possessive

whose

whose, of which

Relative Pronouns Used As The Subject of Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Frank Zappa, who was one of the most creative artists in rock 'n roll, came from California.
Olympia, whose name is taken from the Greek, is the capitol of Washington State.

Relative Pronouns Used As The Object of Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Frank invited Janet, whom he had met in Japan, to the party.
Peter brought his favorite antique book, which he had found at a flee market, to show his friends.

NOTE: 'That' can never be used in non-defining clauses.

Relative Pronouns Used As A Possessive In Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: The singer, whose most recent recording has had much success, signing autographs.
The artist, whose name he could not remember, was one of the best he had ever seen.

NOTES

In non-defining relative clauses, which can be used to refer to an entire clause.

Example: He came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a t-shirt, which was a stupid thing to do.

 

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
10-11-2008 Resky
00-00-0000 Dra. Endang Triningsih

Tlng Jlskn dgn jelas tentang Relative Clauses(Who,Whom,Which,That,Where) dan contohny

How To Use A Relative Clause

Use relative clauses to provide extra information. This information can either define something (defining clause), or provide unnecessary, but interesting, added information (non-defining clause).

Relative clauses can be introduced by:

  • a relative pronoun: who (whom), which, that, whose
  • no relative pronoun, Ø.
  • where, why and when instead of a relative pronoun

You need to consider the following when deciding which relative pronoun to use:

  • Is the subject or object or possessive of a relative clause?
  • Does it refers to a person or an object?
  • Is the relative clause a defining or non-defining relative clause?

NOTE: Relative clauses are often used in both spoken and written English. There is a tendency to use non-defining relative clauses mostly in written, rather than in spoken, English.

How To Use A Relative Clause - The Use of Relative Pronouns in Defining Clauses

Relative Pronouns in Defining Relative Clauses

 

Person

Object

Subject

who, that

which, that

Object

Ø, that, who, whom

Ø, which, that

Possessive

whose

whose, of which

Relative Pronouns Used As The Subject of Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Children who (that) play with fire are in great danger of harm.
The man who bought all the books by Hemingway has died.

Generally, who and which are more usual in written English whereas that is more usual in speech when referring to things.

Relative Pronouns Used As The Object of Defining Relative Clauses

Example: That's the boy (Ø , that, who, whom) I invited to the party.
There's the house (Ø, that, which) I'd like to buy.

Relative Pronouns Used As A Possessive In A Defining Relative Clauses

Example: He's the man whose car was stolen last week.
They were sure to visit the town whose location (OR the location of which) was little known.

NOTE: It is preferable to use that (not which) after the following words: all, any(thing), every (thing), few, little, many, much, no(thing), none, some(thing), and after superlatives. When using the pronoun to refer to the object, that can be omitted.

Example: It was everything (that) he had ever wanted.
There were only a few (that) really interested him.

How To Use A Relative Clause - The Use of Relative Pronouns in Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Relative Pronouns in Non-Defining Relative Clauses

 

Person

Object

Subject

who

which

Object

who, whom

which

Possessive

whose

whose, of which

Relative Pronouns Used As The Subject of Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Frank Zappa, who was one of the most creative artists in rock 'n roll, came from California.
Olympia, whose name is taken from the Greek, is the capitol of Washington State.

Relative Pronouns Used As The Object of Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Frank invited Janet, whom he had met in Japan, to the party.
Peter brought his favorite antique book, which he had found at a flee market, to show his friends.

NOTE: 'That' can never be used in non-defining clauses.

Relative Pronouns Used As A Possessive In Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: The singer, whose most recent recording has had much success, signing autographs.
The artist, whose name he could not remember, was one of the best he had ever seen.

NOTES

In non-defining relative clauses, which can be used to refer to an entire clause.

Example: He came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a t-shirt, which was a stupid thing to do.

 

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
10-11-2008 Resky
00-00-0000 Dra. Endang Triningsih

Tlng Jlskn dgn jelas tentang Relative Clauses(Who,Whom,Which,That,Where) dan contohny

How To Use A Relative Clause

Use relative clauses to provide extra information. This information can either define something (defining clause), or provide unnecessary, but interesting, added information (non-defining clause).

Relative clauses can be introduced by:

  • a relative pronoun: who (whom), which, that, whose
  • no relative pronoun, Ø.
  • where, why and when instead of a relative pronoun

You need to consider the following when deciding which relative pronoun to use:

  • Is the subject or object or possessive of a relative clause?
  • Does it refers to a person or an object?
  • Is the relative clause a defining or non-defining relative clause?

NOTE: Relative clauses are often used in both spoken and written English. There is a tendency to use non-defining relative clauses mostly in written, rather than in spoken, English.

How To Use A Relative Clause - The Use of Relative Pronouns in Defining Clauses

Relative Pronouns in Defining Relative Clauses

 

Person

Object

Subject

who, that

which, that

Object

Ø, that, who, whom

Ø, which, that

Possessive

whose

whose, of which

Relative Pronouns Used As The Subject of Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Children who (that) play with fire are in great danger of harm.
The man who bought all the books by Hemingway has died.

Generally, who and which are more usual in written English whereas that is more usual in speech when referring to things.

Relative Pronouns Used As The Object of Defining Relative Clauses

Example: That's the boy (Ø , that, who, whom) I invited to the party.
There's the house (Ø, that, which) I'd like to buy.

Relative Pronouns Used As A Possessive In A Defining Relative Clauses

Example: He's the man whose car was stolen last week.
They were sure to visit the town whose location (OR the location of which) was little known.

NOTE: It is preferable to use that (not which) after the following words: all, any(thing), every (thing), few, little, many, much, no(thing), none, some(thing), and after superlatives. When using the pronoun to refer to the object, that can be omitted.

Example: It was everything (that) he had ever wanted.
There were only a few (that) really interested him.

How To Use A Relative Clause - The Use of Relative Pronouns in Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Relative Pronouns in Non-Defining Relative Clauses

 

Person

Object

Subject

who

which

Object

who, whom

which

Possessive

whose

whose, of which

Relative Pronouns Used As The Subject of Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Frank Zappa, who was one of the most creative artists in rock 'n roll, came from California.
Olympia, whose name is taken from the Greek, is the capitol of Washington State.

Relative Pronouns Used As The Object of Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: Frank invited Janet, whom he had met in Japan, to the party.
Peter brought his favorite antique book, which he had found at a flee market, to show his friends.

NOTE: 'That' can never be used in non-defining clauses.

Relative Pronouns Used As A Possessive In Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Example: The singer, whose most recent recording has had much success, signing autographs.
The artist, whose name he could not remember, was one of the best he had ever seen.

NOTES

In non-defining relative clauses, which can be used to refer to an entire clause.

Example: He came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a t-shirt, which was a stupid thing to do.

 

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
10-11-2008 Resky
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

tolong kasih contoh dialog ungkapan certainty, uncertainty yang lebih banyak lagi, plese!!!

Certainty (ungkapan kepastian), contoh:  

Rio       : Are you sure that Marry can be the winner in English Speech Contest?

Alex     : I’m positive (aku yakin). She used to live in America, her English is excellent.

 

Contoh lain dari ekspresi certainty(kepastian) adalah:

1. That sounds good/perfect.

2. O.K. No problem’

3. Fine. Go ahead

4. No, you can’t. I’m sorry.

5. I’m afraid you can’t.

6. I’m definitely sure.

7. I’m absolutely certain.

8. Sure. I’m certain.

9. I’m positive.

10.  Without a doubt/No doubt about it.

11.  Yes. It’s confirmed.

 

Uncertainty (ungkapan ketidakpastian), contoh:

1. I doubt it.

2. I’m not (quite) sure about it.

3. I’m not certain about it

4. I’m not sure/certain that …

5. I doubt that …

 

Contoh dalam dialog:

A.

Ratih    : I’m going to see a play tomorrow. Will you come along?

Lisa      : Hmm, I’m not sure, I have to prepare for the semester test.

 

B.

Siti       : Are you sure that you will get 10 on your test tomorrow?

Andi     : There is no doubt. I had prepared for it well.

 

C.

Winner : Do you think that Mirna will come to your party this evening?

Nia       : Absolutely, yes. She phoned me just now.

 

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
09-11-2008
00-00-0000 Dra. Endang Triningsih

Mr.tlg saya donk,tolong buatkan saya cerita yang panjang cerita nya minimal stu lembar folio yang didalam cerita tersebut menggunakan simple past tense dan juga simple past continous tense,tlg bgt klw bisa sebelum tanggal 12 november 2008,plz ya Mr.?

Terimakasih atas partisipasinya. Tapi mhn maaf, kami disini tidak untuk membuatkan tugas ataupun pekerjaan rumah, tetapi membantu siswa bila ada materi yang belum paham. Berkaitan dengan permintaan anda, tolong anda buat teks yang anda maksud sebisa anda dulu, lalu kirimkan ke kami. Nanti kami pasti akan bantu untuk menyempurnakannya. Dengan demikian anda juga belajar menulis. Yang jelas, teks yang menggunakan past tense ataupun past continuous tense adalah recount dan naratif. Selamat mencoba. thank you

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
09-11-2008 Ryo
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

tolong saya Mr.? Saya pengen minta dibuatin cerita yang di dalam cerita tersebut terdapat simple past tense dan past continous tense,tlg ya klw bisa sebelum tgl 12 nov 2008.please!!!!!!!!!

Terimakasih atas partisipasinya. Tapi mhn maaf, kami disini tidak untuk membuatkan tugas ataupun pekerjaan rumah, tetapi membantu siswa bila ada materi yang belum paham. Berkaitan dengan permintaan anda, tolong anda buat teks yang anda maksud sebisa anda dulu, lalu kirimkan ke kami. Nanti kami pasti akan bantu untuk menyempurnakannya. Dengan demikian anda juga belajar menulis. Yang jelas, teks yang menggunakan past tense ataupun past continuous tense adalah recount dan naratif. Selamat mencoba. thank you

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
09-11-2008
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

Mr.tlg saya donk,tolong buatkan saya cerita yang panjang cerita nya minimal stu lembar folio yang didalam cerita tersebut menggunakan simple past tense dan juga simple past continous tense,tlg bgt klw bisa sebelum tanggal 12 november 2008,plz ya Mr.?

Terimakasih atas partisipasinya. Tapi mhn maaf, kami disini tidak untuk membuatkan tugas ataupun pekerjaan rumah, tetapi membantu siswa bila ada materi yang belum paham. Berkaitan dengan permintaan anda, tolong anda buat teks yang anda maksud sebisa anda dulu, lalu kirimkan ke kami. Nanti kami pasti akan bantu untuk menyempurnakannya. Dengan demikian anda juga belajar menulis. Yang jelas, teks yang menggunakan past tense ataupun past continuous tense adalah recount dan naratif. Selamat mencoba. thank you

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
09-11-2008 Ryo
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

pak/ibu tolong bantu saya buatin teks pidato bahasa inggris dengan tema ulang tahun teman.makasih.

Terimakasih atas partisipasinya. Tapi mhn maaf, kami disini tidak untuk membuatkan tugas ataupun pekerjaan rumah, tetapi membantu siswa bila ada materi yang belum paham. Berkaitan dengan permintaan anda, tolong anda buat pidato sebisa anda dulu, lalu kirimkan ke kami. Nanti kami pasti akan bantu untuk menyempurnakannya. Dengan demikian anda juga belajar menulis. Selamat mencoba. thank you

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
09-11-2008
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

tolong minta contoh procedure text yang lebih lengkap donk

How to Make a Cheese OmeletIngredients1 egg, 50 g cheese, ¼ cup milk, 3 tablespoons cooking oil, a pinch of salt and pepper UtensilsFrying pan, fork, spatula, cheese grater, bowl, plate Method1.        Crack an egg into a bowl2.        Whisk the egg with a fork until it is smooth3.        Add milk and whisk well4.        Grate the cheese into the bowl and stir5.        Heat the oil in a frying pan6.        Pour the mixture into the frying pan7.        Turn the omelet with a spatula when it browns8.        Cook both sides9.        Place on a plate; season with salt and pepper10.    Eat while warm.

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
09-11-2008 indra
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

tlg kxi cth teks pidato dnQ. blz na cpedh iia. darurat nh. tQ.

Example of speech


Topic: The advantages of Reading.

The honorable teachers and the distinguished audiences.

In this very nice occasion, I'd like to deliver my speech about the advantages of reading.

Before going further, first of all I'd like to explain some reasons why people read. Some people read to get current knowledge and some other ones just read for pleasure.
So, do you belong to first or the second one?

Ladies and Gentlemen.
You don't need to be worried whether you belong to the first or the second because both of them will enhance your knowledge.
Do you remember? The wise word said that "Reading is the window of the world"
That's definitely correct because by reading we can access the information as enormous as possible. For instance, we can easily know the latest issues that happen in distance without being there. Besides, you can enrich yourselves related to your interests or needs.

Ladies and Gentlemen.
In spite of having those advantages, reading is not a demanding activity either time or money. You can read every time, while you are waiting for the bus or someone, while you are on public transportation or other spare time.
You can also read from many resources, such as mass media and electronic media. If you don't want to spend much money, you can get it free by visiting public libraries.
And if you want to find the newest information, you can browse through internet.
Well, ladies and gentlemen, those are my point of view about the advantages of reading. Hopefully, it makes you more aware about the importance of reading.
Thank you for your fully attention and see you next time.

      

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
08-11-2008 xxx
00-00-0000 Dra. Endang Triningsih