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penjelasan So and too

Too = excessively extreme and unmanageable:

Examples:

She is too heavy to ride a scooter.

The car was too expensive. I couldn't buy it.
The car was too expensive for me to buy

 
So is usually accompanied by that:

Examples:

She is so heavy that she broke the scales.

The car was so expensive that I couldn't buy it.


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 8
21-11-2008
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

Ibu/Bapak, saya sudah berusaha mengikuti saran Bapak/Ibu untuk browsing jenis - jenis text via web. Tetapi setiap saya ketik kata kuncinya (report text, descriptive text, dsb) jawaban yg muncul tidak seperti yang Bapak/Ibu tampilkan di kbs ini, bagus & bermanfaat sekali. Kalo boleh tau alamat web nya apa ya Pak/Ibu? Terima kasih sebelumnya. O ya, minta tolong contoh - contoh latihan agreement/disagreement, congratulations, inviting people, dsb nya Mohon jawabannya segera

Untuk browsing jenis-jenis teks, silakan ketik langsung nama, obyek, judul sesuai yang anda inginkan.

Contoh:

-         Jika anda mencari teks report, maka langsung saja anda ketik: rabbit, cow, lion, television, computer, dll.

-         Untuk procedure text, ketik: How to make brownies, How to use Digital Camera, etc.

 

Contoh latihan Agreement/Disagreement:

I go ______ Bill on this one. I think he's quite right. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to I think I have persuaded Jenny to come ______ to our point of view. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to James is also against our idea but I think I can talk him ______ . ??? in along with in with on with against round over to Harry sided ______ Simon on this issue and they were able to block the project. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to I was against the idea but everybody else was in favour and I had to give ______ . ??? in along with in with on with against round over to Do you think you can bring Helen ______ our point of view? ??? in along with in with on with against round over to He started out as an opponent of the plan but I was able to win him ______ . ??? in along with in with on with against round over to It's not worth opposing this. Sometimes you have to go ______ the flow. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to He didn't want to support the project but, when he realised his job was under threat, he caved ______ . ??? in along with in with on with against round over to I don't really understand what you have ______ this project. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to I really believe ______ this project and will do everything I can to support it. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to Drinking alcohol at work is frowned ______ in this company. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to I don't really mean to quarrel ______ what you say. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to If that's what Head Office wants, I think we have to fall ______ their view. ??? in along with in with on with against round over to We had several possible candidates but we finally settled ______ Susan.

 

 

Contoh latihan “Congratulating”

 

When do people send greeting cards?  What messages do they

choose?  Match the messages below with the occasions.  Two

occasions are missing.  What do you think they are?  Some messages

can be used more than once.

 

1.  Congratulations                     a. any time

2.  Best wishes                           b.  someone has died

3.  Happy …                               c.  ……

4.  Good luck                                       d.  a birthday/anniversary

                                                     /new year/Christmas

5.  Season’s greetings                 e.  someone has got a

                                                     new job

6.  Bon Voyage                           f. someone is going to

                                                    take the exam

7.  Get well soon                        g.  someone has just

                                                     passed  an exam

8.  With sympathy                      h.  someone is getting

                                                     married

                                                i.  Christmas/Easter

                                                j. …..

Contoh latihan “Inviting someone”

Susan : Hi Freddy, are you free this evening? Could you attend my birthday party at my house?

Freddy : OK, With my pleasure! See you there.

 

Question:

-         The underlined utterance expresses …

a)      asking for information

b)      inviting someone

c)      asking for agreement

d)      asking for opinion

 



 


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 8
20-11-2008 Cika
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

selamat siang, pak/bu. tolong jelaskan tujuan atau fungsi kegunaan functional text dalam kehidupan sehari-hari (jawaban bapak/ibu menggunakan/dalam bahasa inggris) saya tunggu balasan dari bapak/ibu. terima kasih banyak yah bapak/ibu. hihihhiihi.

Thank you very much for your participation.

Well, Willim, you are absolutely right that to learn functional text is very useful for us since we will find those kinds of text (such as notice, memo, announcement, advertisement, letter, etc) in daily life. Because by understanding them, we will get easier in solving our problem.  As we know, almost everyday we find those kinds of functional text in public places.

Example:

Can you imagine what will happen to you when you are in a new place that you never go before, then you find notice that you can't understand? It's very possible that you can go to the wrong direction and it's very dangerous, isn't it?

From the explanation above hopefully you can understand the beneficial of learning functional text in a real life.

Moreover, you will also find some questions about functional text in mid-semester test, semester test, and final exam. So, no hesitate for learning functional text seriously, okay?



Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
20-11-2008 Felix
00-00-0000 Dra. Endang Triningsih

hi sir/madam. Please tell to me the reason of funcional text benefit. Thank you very much. (hai bapak/ibu. mohon jelaskan kepada saya alasan penggunaan/keuntungan functional text (jawaban bapak/ibu dalam bahasa inggris) ) thank you very much ^.^

Thank you very much for your participation.

Well, Willim, you are absolutely right that to learn functional text is very useful for us since we will find those kinds of text (such as notice, memo, announcement, advertisement, letter, etc) in daily life. Because by understanding them, we will get easier in solving our problem.  As we know, almost everyday we find those kinds of functional text in public places.

Example:

Can you imagine what will happen to you when you are in a new place that you never go before, then you find notice that you can't understand? It's very possible that you can go to the wrong direction and it's very dangerous, isn't it?

From the explanation above hopefully you can understand the beneficial of learning functional text in a real life.

Moreover, you will also find some questions about functional text in mid-semester test, semester test, and final exam. So, no hesitate for learning functional text seriously, okay?

 


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
20-11-2008 Willim
00-00-0000 Dra. Endang Triningsih

bapak/ibuk tlng buatin saya teks report tentang buah mangga pleessss..mohon secepatnya. saya bingung niehc.....

Mango

Mango is one of the most significant trees on the planet.  Mango fruit is important in its native lands and now also eaten worldwide. Mango is also one of the oldest cultivated trees proven by writings from India over 4,000 years old.  Fairchild Tropical Gardens in Miami boasts the world's largest collection, over 180 mango cultivars

Native to countries such as Malaysia, India and Burma, mangos are very large trees, to 90-100 feet in their homelands. Due to their size, they are also important for shade as well as food. The tree in the photo is an adolescent. This one is much larger growing here in Fort Lauderdale near its local maximum of about 40 feet

Due to tree size, harvesting mango fruit can be difficult.  There are smaller tree varieties such as Graham, Cogshall, Julie, Fairchild, Mallika, Carrie and Glenn.  Prune aggressively for shape and size to keep them smaller

The leaves are green, leathery and large, to 12 inches across. New leaves can be somewhat red or yellow in color. Mango flowers appear in spring to summer, depending on variety, are sweetly fragrant and attractive

About 10 mango varieties are grown in South Florida producing fruit from 3/4 lb. to over 4 lbs. each

 


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
20-11-2008
00-00-0000 Dra. Endang Triningsih

Buatkan karangan panjang functional text ya.....

Terimakasih atas pertanyaan yang anda kirimkan. Namun pertanyaan anda agak meragukan. Functional texts berisi pesan untuk disampaikan kepada para pembaca baik berupa imbauan, informasi, pesan singkat, perintah, peringatan, pengumuman, dan sebagainya. Ciri-cirinya biasanya singkat, padat, jelas dan memakai bentuk kalimat Present Tense. Jadi bukan dalam bentuk cerita seperti pada narrative texts.

Bila anda menginginkan contoh functional texts, maka dapat kami berikan sebagai berikut:

Advertisement:

 

VIP TAILOR

Gentlemen’s Tailor

Jl. Gejayan 12, Yogyakarta

Tel: (0274) 813 671

Suits, shirts and trousers made to measure.

Suits made in 48 hours. Shirts made in 24 hours.

 

 NOTICE:

 

·        NO ADMITTANCE

·        EMERGENCY EXIT ONLY

·        NO SWIMMING WHEN THE RED FLAG IS FLYING.

 

Job vacancy:

 

Job Category : Economics, Sales/Marketing

Minimum D3 from reputable university.
- Fresh graduates are welcomed.
- Can speak english (minimum passive).
- Computer literate (Microsoft office, Power point).
- Able to work in a team or individually.
Have experienced in banking insurance or equivalent field well be advantage please send your resume or CV to : hrd.margaret@gmail.com

 

Announcement:

 

Due to the flood around Yogyakarta,

our venue will be relocated to:

            Biak Street 26 , Regency building 4th floor

We sincerely serve you.


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
18-11-2008 jack
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

bapak/ibu, saya mohon tolong segera pertanyaan saya yang kemarin yaitu contoh karangan functional text beserta ciri-ciri functional text.tugas tersebut sudah harus dikumpulkan besok pagi. saya mohon.terima kasih. saya akan menunggu jawabannya sambil duduk di warnet ini.

Terimakasih atas pertanyaan yang anda kirimkan. Namun pertanyaan anda agak meragukan. Functional texts berisi pesan untuk disampaikan kepada para pembaca baik berupa imbauan, informasi, pesan singkat, perintah, peringatan, pengumuman, dan sebagainya. Ciri-cirinya biasanya singkat, padat, jelas dan memakai bentuk kalimat Present Tense. Jadi bukan dalam bentuk cerita seperti pada narrative texts.

Bila anda menginginkan contoh functional texts, maka dapat kami berikan sebagai berikut:

Advertisement:

 

VIP TAILOR

Gentlemen’s Tailor

Jl. Gejayan 12, Yogyakarta

Tel: (0274) 813 671

Suits, shirts and trousers made to measure.

Suits made in 48 hours. Shirts made in 24 hours.

 

 NOTICE:

 

·        NO ADMITTANCE

·        EMERGENCY EXIT ONLY

·        NO SWIMMING WHEN THE RED FLAG IS FLYING.

 

Job vacancy:

 

Job Category : Economics, Sales/Marketing

Minimum D3 from reputable university.
- Fresh graduates are welcomed.
- Can speak english (minimum passive).
- Computer literate (Microsoft office, Power point).
- Able to work in a team or individually.
Have experienced in banking insurance or equivalent field well be advantage please send your resume or CV to : hrd.margaret@gmail.com

 

Announcement:

 

Due to the flood around Yogyakarta,

our venue will be relocated to:

            Biak Street 26 , Regency building 4th floor

We sincerely serve you.


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
18-11-2008 Alvenus Willim
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

cara mudah passive voice

1. How do we use the Passive Voice?
We only use the passive when we are interested in the object or when we do not know who caused the action. We can only form a passive sentence from an active sentence when there is an object in the active sentence. (Kita menggunakan kalimat pasif hanya jika kita lebih tertarik pada “si penderita” kegiatan tersebut atau saat kita tidak tahu siapa subyek pelaku kegiatan itu).

2. How do we form the Passive Voice?
The main formula for passive voice is:
TO BE + V3

(Kita membentuk Passive voice utamanya dengan menambahkan bentuk To be dengan bentuk kata kerja ketiga)

How to form a passive sentence from an active sentence:
- object of the “active” sentence becomes subject in the “passive” sentence
- subject of the “active” sentence becomes “object” in the “passive” sentence” (or is left out)
Take a look at the following example!

Active : Peter builds a house.
S V O

Passive : A house is built by Peter
S V O

\"\\"\\"\"

(Cara membentuk Passive voice : Objek kalimat aktif diubah menjadi subyek dalam kalimat pasif, sedang kata kerjanya mengikuti perubahan dengan pola to be + v31. Terus, subyek dalam kalimat aktif diubah menjadi obyek dalam kalimat pasif, atau bisa juga dihilangkan.

3. Passive with By
We are normally not interested in the “doer” of an action in a passive sentence. When we want to mention the “doer”, we use the preposition by. The whole phrase is called by-agent in English.
(Kita sih biasanya nggak terlalu ingin menyebutkan pelaku kegiatan dalam kalimat pasif, tapi kalau kita ingin menyebutkan pelakunya, kita tinggal menambahkan “by” sebelum objek kalimat pasifnya)
Example :

Active sentence : Mr Brown built the house.
Passive sentence : The house was built by Mr Brown

4. Passive without by
When we do not know, who was the “doer” of the action, we use someone or somebody in the active sentence. We leave out these words in the passive sentence. (Ketika kita tidak tahu siapa pelaku kegiatan itu kita bisa menghilangkannya)

Example :
Active sentence : Someone stole my bike
Passive sentence : My bike was stolen

5. Passive in various tenses

Nah, karena dalam Bahasa Inggris ada banyak tentses, maka untuk mengubah dari aktif ke pasif pun ada banyak polanya tergantung tenses. Tapi, yang perlu diingat, pasti semuanya memakai pola utama be + V3. Perhatikan tabel beriku ini baik - baik. Ok, cukup segini dulu, kal onanti masih ada yang mau ditanyakan, tanya aja lewat comment! Ok. Gbu.

No

Tenses

Active

 

Passive

 

1

Simple Present

Peter builds a house.

A house is built by Peter

 

2

Simple Past

Peter built a house

A house was built by Peter.

 

3

Present Perfect

Peter has built a house

A house has been built by Peter

4

will-future

Peter will build a house

A house will be built by Peter.

 

5

going to-future

Peter is going to build a house in summer.

A house is going to be built in summer by Peter.

6

Present Continuous

Peter is building a house now

A house is being built by Peter now.

7

Past Continuous

Peter was building a house

A house was being built by Peter

 

8

Sentences with Modals

Peter must build a house

A house must be built by Peter


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
18-11-2008 anas
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

toloNg dong kSh contoh naRative teXt, , secepatnya yaaa, iaNg 4 paragrapH. . tHx

QUEEN AJI BIRARA PUTIH

Muara Kaman lies along the Mahakam River, in eastern Borneo. In the past the area was a kingdom ruled by Queen Aji Bidara Putih. She was a typical queen of myths: beautiful, wise, and sensitive. Many princes and kings proposed to her but she always refused them because she was more concerned with ruling her country and guarding her people.

One day, a Chinese boat came to eastern Borneo. First the people thought it was a merchant ship but the boat was loaded with trade goods and highly trained soldiers. Their envoys brought gold and porcelain to announce the marriage proposal from a prince of China. The queen didn't refuse instantly and replied that she had to ponder the proposal first. After the envoys left the palace, the queen called a court officer and ordered him to infiltrate the Chinese boat to gather information on the prince.

When night fell the officer sneaked onto the boat, got by all the guards, and finally found the prince's room. The large door would not open and he couldn't find a peek hole, so the officer put his ear to the wall, trying to catch sounds from inside. He heard that the prince was having his dinner and the noise of his chewing and slurping surprised the officer. It was like a boar that he had once heard when he was hunting.

He quickly left the boat and returned to the palace. He reported that the prince must have been a phantom, not a human. He believed that the phantom could be in a human's form only during the daytime. The queen was so surprised and got angry. On the next day, she refused his proposal.

The enraged prince ordered his troops to raid Muara Kaman. The battle was won by the prince's huge band of troops. As they drew near to the palace, Queen Aji Bidara Putih chewed a leaf of betel vine and sang a mantra while holding it. When she threw it at the Chinese troops, it turned to giant centipedes. The Chinese troops started to retreat but three centipedes chased them and sank the boat. The site of the sunken ship is now known as Danau Lipan (Lake of Centipedes), with Chinese treasures hidden on the lake's bed.


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
18-11-2008 RuKma
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd

toloNg donC beri contoh naratiVe teXT minimAl 4 paRagraph

QUEEN AJI BIRARA PUTIH

Muara Kaman lies along the Mahakam River, in eastern Borneo. In the past the area was a kingdom ruled by Queen Aji Bidara Putih. She was a typical queen of myths: beautiful, wise, and sensitive. Many princes and kings proposed to her but she always refused them because she was more concerned with ruling her country and guarding her people.

One day, a Chinese boat came to eastern Borneo. First the people thought it was a merchant ship but the boat was loaded with trade goods and highly trained soldiers. Their envoys brought gold and porcelain to announce the marriage proposal from a prince of China. The queen didn't refuse instantly and replied that she had to ponder the proposal first. After the envoys left the palace, the queen called a court officer and ordered him to infiltrate the Chinese boat to gather information on the prince.

When night fell the officer sneaked onto the boat, got by all the guards, and finally found the prince's room. The large door would not open and he couldn't find a peek hole, so the officer put his ear to the wall, trying to catch sounds from inside. He heard that the prince was having his dinner and the noise of his chewing and slurping surprised the officer. It was like a boar that he had once heard when he was hunting.

He quickly left the boat and returned to the palace. He reported that the prince must have been a phantom, not a human. He believed that the phantom could be in a human's form only during the daytime. The queen was so surprised and got angry. On the next day, she refused his proposal.

The enraged prince ordered his troops to raid Muara Kaman. The battle was won by the prince's huge band of troops. As they drew near to the palace, Queen Aji Bidara Putih chewed a leaf of betel vine and sang a mantra while holding it. When she threw it at the Chinese troops, it turned to giant centipedes. The Chinese troops started to retreat but three centipedes chased them and sank the boat. The site of the sunken ship is now known as Danau Lipan (Lake of Centipedes), with Chinese treasures hidden on the lake's bed.


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9
18-11-2008 rUkma
00-00-0000 Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd