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Setiap jawaban yang ada disini adalah jawaban yang beberapa diantaranya adalah sekedar contoh, tidak mengikat secara hukum atau ketentuan yang berlaku. Hak cipta tidak ada pada pengelola.


1760 Data founds
Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : nicky lorenza
Pertanyaan : jelasin cara membedakan rumus apa yg harus di pakai dalam passive voice.. past tense bt ap? past countinues ap dll.. thx..
Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

Passive Voice

Use of Passive

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

Example: My bike was stolen.

In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.

Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:

Example: A mistake was made.

In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake.).

Form of Passive

Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle (3rd column of irregular verbs)

Example: A letter was written.

When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:

  • the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
  • the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)
  • the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)

Examples of Passive Level: lower intermediateLevel 2

Tense

Subject

Verb

Object

Simple Present

Active:

Rita

writes

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

is written

by Rita.

Simple Past

Active:

Rita

wrote

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

was written

by Rita.

Present Perfect

Active:

Rita

has written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

has been written

by Rita.

Future I

Active:

Rita

will write

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

will be written

by Rita.

Hilfsverben

Active:

Rita

can write

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

can be written

by Rita.

Examples of Passive Level: upper intermediateLevel 4

Tense

Subject

Verb

Object

Present Progressive

Active:

Rita

is writing

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

is being written

by Rita.

Past Progressive

Active:

Rita

was writing

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

was being written

by Rita.

Past Perfect

Active:

Rita

had written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

had been written

by Rita.

Future II

Active:

Rita

will have written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

will have been written

by Rita.

Conditional I

Active:

Rita

would write

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

would be written

by Rita.

Conditional II

Active:

Rita

would have written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

would have been written

by Rita.

Passive Sentences with Two Objects Level: intermediateLevel 3

Rewriting an active sentence with two objects in passive voice means that one of the two objects becomes the subject, the other one remains an object. Which object to transform into a subject depends on what you want to put the focus on.

 

Subject

Verb

Object 1

Object 2

Active:

Rita

wrote

a letter

to me.

Passive:

A letter

was written

to me

by Rita.

Passive:

I

was written

a letter

by Rita.

.

As you can see in the examples, adding by Rita does not sound very elegant. Thats why it is usually dropped.

Personal and Impersonal Passive

Personal Passive simply means that the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. So every verb that needs an object (transitive verb) can form a personal passive.

Example: They build houses. – Houses are built.

Verbs without an object (intransitive verb) normally cannot form a personal passive sentence (as there is no object that can become the subject of the passive sentence). If you want to use an intransitive verb in passive voice, you need an impersonal construction – therefore this passive is called Impersonal Passive.

Example: he says – it is said

Impersonal Passive is not as common in English as in some other languages (e.g. German, Latin). In English, Impersonal Passive is only possible with verbs of perception (e. g. say, think, know).

Example: They say that women live longer than men. – It is said that women live longer than men.

Although Impersonal Passive is possible here, Personal Passive is more common.

Example: They say that women live longer than men. – Women are said to live longer than men.

The subject of the subordinate clause (women) goes to the beginning of the sentence; the verb of perception is put into passive voice. The rest of the sentence is added using an infinitive construction with 'to' (certain auxiliary verbs and that are dropped).

Sometimes the term Personal Passive is used in English lessons if the indirect object of an active sentence is to become the subject of the passive sentence.

 

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Pertanyaan :

permisi, minta tolong dong jelasin pengertian dan contoh dari

EXPRESSION

1. LIKE AND DISLIKE

2. COMPLIMENT

3. AGREE AND DISAGREE

4.CERTAINLY  AND UNCERTAINLY

5. ADMIT AND DENY FACT

6. ASK AND GIVING DIRECTION

7. SAYING CONGRATULATION

8. GIVING OPINION

9. ASK AND OFFERING  SOMETHING

10. CHALLENGE INFORMATION

Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

Dear Iyonarizky,

Semua yang anda tanyakan adalah jenis-jenis ungkapan yang dipakai dalam transaksional dan interpersonal dialogs.

* Ungkapan Likes/Dislikes

Likes: I like/enjoy it

          I'm fond of it

          I'm keen on it

 Dislikes: I don't like/enjoy it

              I'm not keen on it

* Compliment

 

Expressing Admiration/Compliment.

 

Andre   : Something different with you,  Jane.

Jane     : Do you mean my hair, right? Of course. I had a haircut yesterday.

              What do you think?

Andre   : Wow, how stylish you hair is! Even you look younger.

Jane     : Thank you. You know what? I tried the newest barber shop near my house.

               And it’s only Rp 10.000,00 for the first week opening.

Andre   :  What a cheap tariff!  I must go there soon.

Jane     :  Better you go there after 7 pm.

Andre   :  But why?

Jane     :  In order not to have a long queue. Yesterday I found more than 15 people

               waiting there for.

Andre   :  Really? Unbelievable!

 

* Agree/disagreement

Agreement: I agree with you

                  I'm with you

                  I go with you

Disagreement: I don't agree with you

                      I'm not with you

                      I don't go with you

* Certainty/uncertainty

Certainty dan Uncertainty adalah ungkapan dalam bahasa Inggris untuk menyatakan kepastian (certainty) dan uncertainty (ketidakpastian)

Dalam percakapan juga memungkinkan kita untuk mempertanyakan kepastian/ketidakpastian.

Contoh:

Vionny             : Oh My Goodness, Dewi, look at you! Are you sure going to the party in such costume?

Dewi                : What’s wrong with me? It’s fashionable, isn’t it? I don’t doubt going to the party right now.

Vionny             :  But Dewi, I’m not sure with the skirt design and its color. It doesn’t suit to the formal blouse. Besides, your shoes are quite casual.

Dewi                : Is it? What should I do then?

Vionny : Why don’t you change the blouse and perform less formal.

Dewi                : That might be a good idea.

 

Ungkapan “Are you sure…” untuk mempertanyakan kepastian.

“I don’t doubt …” mengungkapkan ketidak ragu-raguan.

‘I’m not sure….” Mengungkapkan ketidakpastian.

 

Rimmy  : Are you sure it’s the correct steps of making this traditional cake, Dian?

Dian                 : I’m certain to  the way of cooking but I doubt with the amount of flour and grated coconut for good portion.

Rimmy              : Well, you do the steps right, but I wonder why the dough is stuck on the pan. There must be something wrong with the dough.

Dian                 : Let me think about it. Well.  I’m sure we need more fat for it but it’s no oil must be used, for sure.

Rimmy  : You’re right. Maybe we can add more grated coconut to make it greasy.

Dian                 : Good idea. Let’s try again.

 

Dalam dialog di atas “Are you sure …..? adalah contoh pemakaian ungkapan meminta kepastian. “I’m certain “ dan “I’m sure “ mengungkapkan kepastian. Sedangkan

I doubt” adalah ungkapan ketidakpastian/keraguan (uncertainty).

 

 

Berikut adalah contoh dialog yang menggunakan ‘uncertainty’

 

Fina      : Are you sure it’s the correct formula to solve the Math problem, Diko?

Diko     : I’m certain to it but I quite doubt with its thing units. We’ll have to be sure with that so that we’ll get the precious amount, right?

Fina      : Of course, it’s important to have them right. Let’s have a look again on the final required unit and think about that.

Diko     : Yes and I’m sure we can do it.

 

Dalam dialog di atas “Are you sure …..? adalah contoh pemakaian ungkapan meminta kepastian. “I’m certain “ dan “I’m sure “ mengungkapkan kepastian. Sedangkan

I doubt” adalah ungkapan ketidakpastian/keraguan (uncertainty).

 

 

* Admit and denying fact

admittance: Yes, I did it

                  It was me.

denying : Not I

              Not my fault

              It wasn't me.

* Saying congratulation:adalah ungkapan yang digunakan kepada orang yang mendapatkan kesuksesan atau berhasil menyelesaikan sesuatu.

Proficiat!

Congratulation!

You did it!

Well done!

 

*  Giving opinion

Contohnya ‘asking for opinion, giving opinion dan refusing giving opinion.’

Bacalah dialog di bawah ini:

 

Fina      : Lia, look at that blouse over there!

Lia       : Oh my!

Fina      : What do you think about that? Will it be suitable for me at Lebaran day?

Lia       : I think that’d be great. The color is good for you.

Fina      : I think so.

Lia       : Better you try it on.

Fina      : Sure. And what about the blue one? For Mum, maybe?

Lia       : You mean?

Fina      : Yeach that one over there.

Lia       : Ow, come on.  I can’t say anything.

Fina      : What’s wrong?

Lia       : It’s not Mum’s style, is it?

Fina      : Sometimes mother may perform differently.

Lia       : Yeah you’re right, but not on that blouse.

 

What do you think about that? : adalah ungkapan asking for opinion

I think that’d be great.           = giving opinion

I can’t say anything.              = refusing giving opinion.

 

* Offering something

Offering, Asking, giving, refusing things:

 

Mother: Okay kids, meal is ready. Would you like some?

Greg     : Wow, looks delicious! May I have that soup for me now, Mom?

Mother : Sure, dear help yourself. And for you daddy, would you like to try it too?

Father  : Not now maybe. But I’d like some fruit salad for my appetizer.

Mother : That would be better for you, dear. Here is some fruit salad for you.

Greg     : Tight diet, huh?

Father  : Of course, for my health.

 

 

 

 

 

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : Alfian
Pertanyaan :

tolong saya minta soal procedure text tentang cara menanam dan merawat tanaman...!!!

pliissss....!!!

Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

How to take care plant

Instructions

  • 1

    Add water to the plant soil. Each plant has a different water need. Some plants need a damp soil all the time, while some need to have the soil dry between watering. You can use a water monitoring meter that you stick in the soil to check the wetness of the soil for accurate results.

  • 2

    Place the plant in the proper light. Each plant species has a different light need. Select the best location for plants that need direct sunlight, indirect sunlight or no sunlight at all and just light in the home. For instance, the Lipstick plant grows well in a north window with minimum light.

 

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : Alfian
Pertanyaan :

Tolong minta contoh soal procedure text bagaimana cara menanam dan merawat tanaman !!!

tolong cepat....!!!!!!

penting...!!!

Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

How to take care plant

Instructions

  • 1

    Add water to the plant soil. Each plant has a different water need. Some plants need a damp soil all the time, while some need to have the soil dry between watering. You can use a water monitoring meter that you stick in the soil to check the wetness of the soil for accurate results.

  • 2

    Place the plant in the proper light. Each plant species has a different light need. Select the best location for plants that need direct sunlight, indirect sunlight or no sunlight at all and just light in the home. For instance, the Lipstick plant grows well in a north window with minimum light.

 

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : yurin
Pertanyaan :

bisa tolong saya membuat report text kunjungan saya ke rumah si pitung,lubang buaya dan keong mas?

bisa tolong secepatnya dikirim 

Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

Yurin, thanks for your question.

Apakah Yurin sekarang di kelas 9? kalau iya, maka pengertian report text perlu dibedakan dengan teks yang mendeskripsikan tentang sesuatu secara umum seperti yang dipelajari di sekolah. 

Tetapi bila yang dimaksud dalam pertanyaan tentang laporan kejadian maka itu berupa recount text yang berisi tentang pengalaman atau peristiwa pada waktu lampau. Jika inginmenceritakan pengalaman sendiri seperti kunungan ke rumah si pitung, lubang buaya dan keong mas, kami sarankan Yurin untuk mencoba menulis sendiri terlebih dahulu. Apabila nanti ada kesulitan silahkan kirim ke web ini untuk dikonsultasikan kepada kami. Selamat mencoba.

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : Ari Wilatini
Pertanyaan :

bisa tolong dijelaskan lebih lanjut mengenai perbedaan anatara REPORT text dan DESCRIPTIVE text ? saya masih bimbang, tolong diberikan contoh yang jelas. terimakasih

 

Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

Ari Wilatini,

Thanks for your question.

Memang perbedaan antara Report Text dan Descriptive text sangat sedikit tetapi sangat penting diketahui.

Report text is written to describe something, someone, some places in general. While Descriptive text is written to describe something, someone, some places in specific way.

Contoh berikut adalah descriptive text tentang Cat yang dimiliki oleh penulis.

My Beloved Cat

Chilly is my favorite pet. It is a female Siamese cat, breed of Oriental cat. It has distinctive gray markings. Chilly is long and less ‘cobby’ in bold types. Its head is less rounded with wedge-shaped muzzles and had larger ears. It is medium-sized, rather long-bodied, muscular, graceful cat. Its head is triangular shaped, with a thin snout. The eyes are almond-shaped and oblique, the ears large and thin. It has a long neck, body, and tail. The fur is short, glossy, fine, soft, tight, and adhered to the body.

Chilly is affectionate and very intelligent cats, renowned for their social nature. It always accompanies me when I’m home alone. Many people enjoy being with Chilly so I think it is quite "extroverts". Though sometimes Chilly may not easily adapt to the changes of environment or to strangers, it has a great need for human companionship.

 

 Contoh berikut adalah tentang Cat dalam report text yang memndeskripsikan kucing seperti diketahui secara umum tentang kucing  dimana saja (secara universal).

 

Cat

The domestic cat (Felis catus or Felis silvestris catus) is a small, usually furry, domesticated, carnivorous mammal. It is often called the housecat when kept as an indoor pet,[6] or simply the cat when there is no need to distinguish it from other felids and felines. Cats are valued by humans for companionship and ability to hunt vermin and household pests.

Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with strong, flexible bodies, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws, and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small game. They can see in near darkness. Like most mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans.

Cats have a rapid breeding rate. Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, and the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, with a population of up to 60 million of these animals in the United States alone, while in Japan they are caught and disposed of.

Since cats were cult animals in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there,  but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic.

A genetic study in 2007 revealed that domestic cats have descended from African wildcats (Felis silvestris lybica) c. 8000 BCE, in the Middle East. According to Scientific American cats are the most popular pet in the world, and now found almost every place where people live.

 


 

 

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : Alfian
Pertanyaan :

Tolong saya minta contoh soal procedure text tentang bagaimana cara menanam dan merawat tanaman......

pliisssss !!!!!!! 

Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

 How to take care plant

Instructions

  • 1

    Add water to the plant soil. Each plant has a different water need. Some plants need a damp soil all the time, while some need to have the soil dry between watering. You can use a water monitoring meter that you stick in the soil to check the wetness of the soil for accurate results.

  • 2

    Place the plant in the proper light. Each plant species has a different light need. Select the best location for plants that need direct sunlight, indirect sunlight or no sunlight at all and just light in the home. For instance, the Lipstick plant grows well in a north window with minimum light.

 

 

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : rahma
Pertanyaan : pengertian dan penggunaan waktu dari good afternoon dan good evening
Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

Thanks for your question Rahma,

Good afternoon is a greeting used when you want to meet someone at between  12 am until the sun set. When the sun set, you must use Good evening. Good night is used when you greet someone before going to bed.

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : putrie andini
Pertanyaan :

tolong buatkan saya JOB VA CANCY 

saya butuh banget,, dan bisa juga gak sekalian buatin 100 vocab atau kata benda dalam bahasa inggris 

Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

Thanks for your question Putrie,

Web ini kami sediakan untuk para siswa yang ingin berkonsultasi atau bertanya tentang kesulitan belajar bahasa Inggris. Kami menyarankan untuk Putrie mencoba terlebih dahulu menulis JOB Vacancy. Apabila nanti ada kesulitan silahkan bertanya dengan mengirimkan ke web ini. 

Selamat mencoba.

Media : Website
Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas : 9
Penanya : sindi
Pertanyaan : tolong buatkan report text karena saya membutuhkannya dan saya tidak mengerti, tolong bantu saya membuatkan report text tentang bebek sebanyak 4 paragraf dan kerbau juga 4 paragraf. terimakasih. saya harap ibu atau bapak menjawabnya sekarang
Penjawab : Suzana Endang Cahyani, S.Pd dan
Jawaban :

Report text adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan benda, orang, binatang, tanaman atau tempat secara umum.

 

DUCK

Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the Anatidae family of birds, which also includes swans and geese. The ducks are divided among several subfamilies in the Anatidae family; they do not represent a monophyletic group (the group of all descendants of a single common ancestral species) but a form taxon, since swans and geese are not considered ducks. Ducks are mostly aquatic birds, mostly smaller than the swans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water.

The word duck comes from Old English *dūce "diver", a derivative of the verb *dūcan "to duck, bend down low as if to get under something, or dive", because of the way many species in the dabbling duck group feed by upending; compare with Dutch duiken and German tauchen "to dive".

The overall body plan of ducks is elongated and broad, and the ducks are also relatively long-necked, albeit not as long-necked as the geese and swans. The body shape of diving ducks varies somewhat from this in being more rounded. The bill is usually broad and contains serrated lamellae which are particularly well defined in the filter-feeding species. In the case of some fishing species the bill is long and strongly serrated. The scaled legs are strong and well developed, and generally set far back on the body, more so in the highly aquatic species. The wings are very strong and are generally short and pointed.

Ducks exploit a variety of food sources such as grasses, aquatic plants, fish, insects, small amphibians, worms, and small molluscs.

BUFFALO

 

The buffalo is also known as the African buffalo and the cape buffalo, as the buffalo is found in large herds across Africa but the buffalo is more prominent in South Africa.

Although the buffalo and water buffalo (found in Asia) look very similar it not thought that the buffalo and the water buffalo are closely related. The African forest buffalo is a subspecies of the African buffalo but the forest buffalo is about half the size of the standard buffalo.

The African buffalo is one of the most successful grazers in Africa. The buffalo inhabits swamps and floodplains as well as the grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. Buffalo can be found from the highest mountains to sea level areas, and the buffalo tends to prefer habitat with dense cover such as reeds and thickets. Herd of buffalo have also been found in open woodland and grassland.

Other than the human, the African buffalo has no real natural predators as the buffalo is able to easily defend itself using the buffalos sheer size and power. Lions, crocodiles, leopards and hyena are all amongst those animals that prey on the buffalo although they are usually only successful in catching the buffalo in large numbers.

The buffalo has a very unpredictable nature which, along with the size of the buffalo, makes the buffalo a severe threat to humans. There are numerous buffalo attacks on humans every year and the buffalo is thought to be one of the most dangerous animals in Africa behind the hippo and the crocodile. Because of this the African buffalo has not been domesticated unlike the water buffalo in Asia.

 

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