National Examination Policy
The debate appear not only because the national examination policy that in effect the Department of National Education is minimal on the socialization and still be covered, but more on things that are fundamental juridical and pedagogical. Where, from the results of the study Education Coalition, there are at least four irregularities with the holding of national exam.That aspect pedagois (science education) where in science education, the ability of learners includes three aspects, there are knowledge (cognitive), skills (psychomotor) and attitude (affective). Secondly, based on the juridical aspects of several articles in the National Education System Law No. 20 of 2003. The third is social and psychological aspects and the latter is the economic aspect.
That is caused the two polar opposites. I agree when national exams are necessary for next year because the first, minister of national education publish regulation No. 74 and 75 about the guide of the UN Year of Study Guide 2009-2010 elementary and junior high / high school / vocational school, was signed by Minister Education Bambang Sudibyo on October 13, 2009. One of its contents, mentioned that the results of the UN it is used as one of the considerations for determining the graduation of students from the program of educational unit.
Not only that, the government still agree with the holding of a national exam because there is also evidence that national exam in 2010 increased. So, the Government or the Ministry of National Education (MONE), through the National Education Standards Agency (BSNP), claim to feel satisfied with the results of National Examination (UN) 2008/2009 the national percentage increase.
In addition, the national exam is absolutely necessary because it can encourage students to study more seriously and also useful for measuring the success of the learning process.So better stick with the national exams carried out as in previous years. That way the students long ago had prepared to study hard in order to pass the national exams.
Many people who reject the existence of a national exam. They not only refused, but they also provided the basis of their opinion. Of all the things that the exam will still need to be considered will be held or waived. Because the national exam unfairly judged because of the implementation of UAN 2003/2004 school year, the Coalition of Education found various irregularities, from technical to financial. First, the engineering organization. Test equipment is not provided adequately. For example, in English class, one of the skills tested are listening. In order to answer the question properly, the tool requires examinees to hear (tape and earphones). In practice, the organizer of the exam does not have a good preparation for supporting equipment.
Not only that, the national exam better then abolished because the organization of examinations, supervision becomes an important part of UAN to ensure non-occurrence of fraud committed by the participants. This oversight function left to the teacher with a system of cross - not from the school superintendent is concerned, but from other schools. In fact, occur cooperation between teachers facilitate or provide opportunities for students to cheat.
Then, the case in some schools, teachers, especially for subjects who made nationally such as mathematics, English, or economics, with a variety of modes giving an answer key to the student. In addition, at the level of education providers such as local education offices, the attempt to inflate (mark-up) exam results ensued. How to create a team to correct the students' answers.
UAN is actually contrary to the Law No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System (chapter 58 verse1 and chapter 59 verse 1). That UAN has negative impact on learning in schools, waste of money, and just measure the cognitive aspects.
Better, the national exams are not held because the Government considered unlawful if it held a National Examination next year. Therefore, the Supreme Court ruling that rejected the government considered the proposed appeal is final.
Sued a national exam. Standardized graduation exams as it is considered neglect fostered learner achievements over the years. Many bright students do not pass just because of failing the national exam.
Many effect which effect on the mental students if national exam is held still. Because, many students are so stressed and become crazy because it is too learned. Not only that, the students who did not pass most of whom will commit suicide, shut myself up and went mad because they knew that he did not pass the exam.
National exam have many benefits and disadvantages from the view point of society. All decision, to depend on the government because only government has the right to give a decision about the national exam to be held or not
Hopefully the quality of education in Indonesia can be better by improving all aspects of education by not harming any one party to crack down on fraud - fraud that surrounds our education. And the mature thinking of policy - a policy that involves many factors such as national exams, because education involves shared intelligence and is a measure of a person to success.