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tolong penjelasannya tentang beda hortatory dengan analytical exposition. makasih

Bingung cara membedakan teks analytical exposition dan hortatory exposition? Don’t worry it’s so easy. Study the followings ya…

Sebelum kita mengetahui perbedaan teks analytical dan hortatory, mari kita mengenal persamaan dari kedua teks ini. Teks exposition dibagi menjadi dua bagian yaitu analytical exposition dan hortatory exposition. Exposition adalah jenis teks yang berisi tentang argumen-argumen tentang suatu topik. Dalam menulis teks ini, penulis perlu mencari sumber informasi agar argumen yang dikemukakan cukup kuat untuk mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar.
Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari kita bisa menemukan teks exposition dalam diskusi, pidato, iklan, surat, dsb. Contohnya, ada seorang teman yang merokok, kita bisa saja memberikan pendapat kita bahwa merokok itu tidak baik. So the thesis is “Smoking is not good for your health”. Kemudian kita akan memberikan alasan-alasan mengapa merokok itu tidak baik, so we tell the arguments that support our thesis. The social function of exposition is to persuade the reader or listener.

So the difference is…..
Study the text organization of analytical exposition below.
Ada 3 tahapan dalam teks analytical, yaitu:

  1. Thesis, berisi tentang suatu pernyataan tentang permasalahan tertentu. Biasanya diawali dengan kalimat I personally think, In my opinion, I believe, dll.
  2. Arguments, berisi tentang alasan-alasan untuk medukung Thesis yang dikemukakan. Diawali dengan kata, atau f rase First, Second, Furthermore, In addition, The last, dll.
  3. Reiteration, berisi tentang simpulan dari Thesis, dan Arguments yang dikemukakan. Kata-kata yang digunakan biasanya In my conclusion, Based on the arguments above, dll

Perbedaan Analytical Exposition dan Hortatory Exposition terletak di paragraf terakhir. Dalam penulisan Hortatory juga ada 3 bagian, yaitu:

  1. Thesis, berisi tentang suatu pernyataan tentang permasalahan tertentu. Biasanya diawali dengan kalimat I personally think, In my opinion, I believe, dll.
  2. Arguments, berisi tentang alasan-alasan untuk medukung Thesis yang dikemukakan. Diawali dengan kata, atau f rase First, Second, Furthermore, In addition, The last, dll.
  3. Recommendation, berisi tentang saran dari penulis atas Thesis dan Arguments yang dikemukakan. Biasanya ada kata-kata should, should not, ought to, ought not to, dll.

For example:

Text 1
Smoking in restaurants

Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.
Firstly, smoking in a restaurant is impolite. The smell of the smoke affects all people and can turn them off their food. People pay to taste good food and not to be put off by foul smelling smoke.
Another reason smoking should not be allowed in restaurant is the harm it can do to others. Passive smoking that is breathing in smoke made by a smoker can lead to asthma attacks and even cancer.
Finally, smoking is dangerous and a health risk to the smokers. Cigarettes cause heart and lung disease and people should not smoke anywhere, not just in restaurants.
Therefore, smoking in restaurants is impolite, harmful to others and a health risk to the smokers and should not be allowed in any restaurants.

Text 2
Is it important to know what your kids are watching? Of course yes. Television can expose things you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, pornography, consumerism, etc.
A study demonstrated that spending too much time on watching TV during the day or bedtime often causes bedtime disruption, stress, and short of sleep duration.
Another research found that there is a significant relationship between the amount of time spent for watching television during adolescence and early adulthood, and the possibility of being aggressive.
Meanwhile, many studies have identified a relationship between kids who watch TV a lot and being inactive and overweight.
Considering some facts mentioned above, protect your children with the following tips:
1. Limit television viewing to 1 – 2 hours each day
2. Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms
3. Review the rating of TV shows that your children watch
4. Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening the show

Kedua teks di atas hampir sama, perbedaannya hanya ada di paragraf terakhir. Coba perhatikan paragraf terakhir pada teks 1 yang hanya berisi simpulan tidak ada saran. Memang ada kata “shouldn’t be allowed in the restaurants”, namun itu bukan saran melainkan penguatan dari thesis. Perhatikan lagi thesisnya “It must be allowed because…” Bandingkan dengan paragraf terakhir pada teks kedua yang berisi saran melalui empat tips yang harus dilakukan to protect the children. Clear right?


Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 11
04-01-2011 rian
05-01-2011 Tri Raharjo, S.Pd

mohon penjelasan tentang pengertian adjective phrase.trim

Adjective Phrases

September 16, 2010pdf

Sometimes a group of words does the work of an adjective.

Study the following examples.

  • The mayor was a wealthy man.
  • The mayor was a man of great wealth.

In sentence 1, the adjective wealthy says what sort of man the mayor was. In sentence 2, the group of words ‘of great wealth’ also says the same thing. It qualifies the noun man as an adjective does. It therefore does the work of an adjective and is called an adjective phrase.


An adjective phrase is a group of words that does the work of an adjective.

  • The magistrate was a kind man. (Here the adjective kind modifies the noun man.)
  • The magistrate was a man with a kind heart. (Here the adjective phrase ‘with a kind heart’ modifies the noun man.)
  • They lived in a stone house.
  • They lived in a house built of stone.
  • The workers belonged to a hill tribe.
  • The workers belonged to a tribe dwelling in the hills.

Study the following adjectives and the adjective phrases that are equivalent to them.

  • A golden necklace – a necklace made of gold
  • A white coat – a coat of white color
  • A jungle track – a track through the jungle
  • A deserted city – a city with no inhabitants
  • The French flag – the flag of France
  • A wooden hut – a hut built of wood
  • A blank page – a page with no writing on it

Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 11
04-01-2011 naxy
05-01-2011 Tri Raharjo, S.Pd

assalamualikum pak/bu .


saya ingin mnta tolong untuk dibuatkan contoh dari :

- expression belief/unbelief, promise, dan hope .

- analytical exposition, hortatory, review text beserta generic structurenya .

tolong di jawab segera ya pak/bu soalnya ini untuk tugas saya besok :(

silakan adik klik www.najmimaulana.wordpress.com pilih teori kemudian kelas XII.


Social function: To persuade the readers or the listeners that something in the case, to analyze or to explain.
Generic Structure:
1. Thesis (usually includes a preview argument. It introduces topics and indicates the writer’s position.)
2. Arguments (consists of a point and elaboration sequence. The number of points may vary, but each must be supported by discussion and evidence).
3. Reiteration (restates the position more forcefully in the light of the arguments presented).
Language features:
 Emotive words such as : alarmed, worried.
 Words that qualify statements such as: usual probably
 Words that link arguments such as: firstly, however, on the other hand, therefore.
 Usually present tense
 Compound and complex sentences


Social function: To persuade the readers or the listeners that something should or should not be the case.
Generic structure:
1. Thesis ( stating an issue of concern)
2. Arguments ( giving reasons for concern, leading recommendation)
3. Recommendation (stating what ought or ought not to happen)
Language features:
 Emotive words: alarmed, worried
 Words that qualify statements: usual probably
 Words that link arguments: firstly, however, on the other hand, therefore
 Usually present tense
 Compound and complex sentences
 Modal auxiliary: can, may, should, must


Social function: To critique an art work or event for a public audience.
Generic structure:
1. Orientation ( background information on the text)
2. Evaluation ( concluding statement : judgment, opinion, or recommendation. It can consist of more than one.
3. Interpretative Recount ( summary of an art works including characters and plot).
4. Evaluative summation: the last opinion consisting the appraisal or the punch line of the art works being criticized.
Language features:
 Focus on specific participants
 Use of adjectives
 Use of long and complex clauses
 Use of metaphor
Reviews are used to summarize, analyze and respond to art works. They may include: movie, TV shows, books, plays, concerts, etc



Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 12
03-01-2011 amelia
05-01-2011 Tri Raharjo, S.Pd

1. Tentukan HP dari persamaan berikut

 X + XY+ Y = 11 dan X^2Y + XY^2 = 30


Matur suwun

X + XY+ Y = 11 => X + Y = 11 - XY    ....(1)

X2Y + XY2 = 30 => XY(X+Y) = 30       ....(2)

dari (1) dan (2) diperoleh XY(11-XY) = 30  misal XY = p sehingga p2 - 11p + 30 = 0

                                                                                               (p-5)(p-6)      = 0

p = 6 => XY = 6 => X + Y = 5 => x = 5 - Y 

             (5-Y)Y = 6 => Y2 - 5Y + 6 = 0 

                                      (Y-3)(Y-2)= 0

                                       Y = 3 => X = 2    HP adalah{(2,3), (3,2)}

                                       Y = 2 => X = 3 

 p = 5  selesaikan dengan cara yang sama seperti di atas.

Pelajaran Matematika Kelas 10
08-12-2010 Didot
04-01-2011 Dra. Ida Lydiati, MM


 bu guru ini saya aziz yg kemarin minta dibuatkan soal bab limit. kok soal yg ibu kirimkan gk bisa di download. terima kasih




maaf, mungkin ada gangguan teknis untuk pengiriman PDF... kami kirim via email

aminudinaziz10@yahoo.co.id >> moga terkirim...dan bisa dipelajari...


selamat belajar





Pelajaran Matematika Kelas 11
29-12-2010 aziz
30-12-2010 Dra. Ida Lydiati, MM

assalamu'alaikum bu guru atau pak guru yg saya hormati tolong buatkan 10 soal dan jawaban bab LIMIT, moho dengan segera terima kasih wassalamu'alaikum

Selamat belajar....

kami kirim soal-jawaban limit, semoga bisa menambah pemahaman materi limit 

selamat belajar...


Pelajaran Matematika Kelas 11
27-12-2010 aziz
28-12-2010 Dra. Ida Lydiati, MM

tolong buatkan soal bererta jawabanya/ solusinya tentang peluang ,10 nomor ,mhon secepatnya !! thx

Mas Raharjo....

kami berharap mas Raharjo tetap semangat belajar... coba untuk mendapatkan soal dan solusi tentang peluang... bisa download diberbagai situs... bisa searchingdari google yaa.... kami yakin nanti akan diperoleh banyak soal seperti yang diinginkan...

 dan masih banyak yang lain....


selamat belajar...


Pelajaran Matematika Kelas 12
23-12-2010 raharjo
28-12-2010 Dra. Ida Lydiati, MM

tolong buat kan soal serta jawabannya/ penyelesaiannya  tentang PELUANG 10 nomor ,thx ..

Selamat bergabung di KBS online....


pertanyaan yang sama,... dari mas Raharjo...

kami berharap mas Ahmad juga bisa membaca jawaban dari kami tentang permintaan membuat SOAL Peluang dan penyelesaioan 10 nomor....

selamat mencoba dulu ya..... 


teroima kasih

Pelajaran Matematika Kelas 12
22-12-2010 ahmad
28-12-2010 Dra. Ida Lydiati, MM